The National Museum of Western Art

update 14 September 2021

Currently not on display

Pierre Puvis de Chavannes [Lyon, 1824 - Paris, 1898]

Poor Fisherman

Datec. 1887-92
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)105.8 x 68.6
InscriptionsSigned lower right: P. Puvis de Chavannes
Credit LineMatsukata Collection
Standard ref.Price 331; M891
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1959-0175
Poor Fisherman

Puvis de Chavannes, at the same time as he furthered the tradition of mural painting, pioneered nineteenth-century French Symbolism. This painting――a variant of a work in the Musée d'Orsay with the same title――bears the artist’s hallmarks of subdued coloring, flatness, and succinct composition using color planes. The theme of poverty symbolically depicted in the work is lent religious and poetic overtones through the biblical associations of the fisherman, eyes downcast, and the sleeping infant.(Source: Gallery label, October 2016)

Provenance

Purchased from artist by Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, 4 April 1893 (Fr. 8,000), who sold to Emile Boivin, Paris, on the same day, photo 403; [?] Beurdeley [noted by Henri Puvis de Chavannes]; Soulange-Boudin; Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1920; purchased from Galerie Durand-Ruel by Kojiro Matsukata, Kobe, 31 December 1921 [see records in the Durand-Ruel & Co. Archives, Paris]; sequestered by French government, 1944; vested in French government under San Francisco Peace Treaty, 1952; transferred from French to Japanese government, 23 January 1959; entered into NMWA, April 1959.

Exhibition History

1899
Tableaux, Esquisse et Dessins de Puvis de Chavanne, Garelie Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1899 - 1899, no. 16
1903
Entwicklung des Impressionismus in Malerei und Plastik: XVI. Ausstellung der Vereingung Bildender Künstler Österreichs, Sezession Wien, Wien, 1903 - 1903, no. 81 (as Der Dichter)
1923
LXVI vystava francouzského malirstvi [66th Exhibition of French Paintings], Manes Spolku [Manes Society of Fine Arts], Praha, 1923 - 1923, no. 117 [belonging to Matsukata]
1924
Inaugural Exposition of French Art in the California Palace of the Legion of Honor, Lincoln Park, San Francisco, California, 1924-1925, California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, CA, 1924 - 1925, no. 48, repr.
1947
Les origines de l'art contemporain: la peinture française de Manet à Bonnard, Strasbourg Museum (also shown at Besançon and Nancy), 27 September 1947 - , cat. no. 57
1949
Landscape in French Art, 1550-1900, Royal Academy of Art, London, 10 December 1949 - 5 March 1950, no. 326
1960
The Masterpieces of the Ex-Matsukata Collection, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 May 1960 - 10 July 1960, cat. no. 106, repr.
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Art Gallery of Aichi Prefecture, Nagoya, 17 November 1962 - 9 December 1962, cat. no. 45 (当館記録による)
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Hakutsuru Museum, Kobe, 20 October 1962 - 5 November 1962, P-242
1963
The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Shimane Prefectural Museum, Matsue, 5 October 1963 - 20 October 1963, P-242
1963
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishibashi Museum of Art, Kurume, 26 October 1963 - 10 November 1963, P-242
1964
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nakajima Sports Center of Hokkaido Prefecture, 22 August 1964 - 13 September 1964, cat. no. 30
1965
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Okayama Prefecture, Okayama, 20 October 1965 - 7 November 1965, cat. no. 25
1965
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishikawa Prefectural Museum of Art, Kanazawa, 22 September 1965 - 10 October 1965, cat. no. 25
1970
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, Nagasaki Prefectural Museum, Nagasaki, 18 October 1970 - 15 November 1970, cat. no. 49
1971
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Toyama Prefectural Center, Museum of Art, Toyama, 2 October 1971 - 24 October 1971, cat. no. 46
1972
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Shinano Museum of Art of Nagano Prefecture, Nagano, 12 October 1972 - 5 November 1972, cat. no. 49
1973
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Kochi Prefecture, Kochi, 28 October 1973 - 25 November 1973, cat. no. 49
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Fukuoka Prefecture, Fukuoka, 13 October 1974 - 10 November 1974, cat. no. 48
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Saga Prefectural Museum, Saga, 16 November 1974 - 1 December 1974, cat. no. 48
1975
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Yamagata Museum, Yamagata, 1 November 1975 - 30 November 1975, cat. no. 49
1976
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Tottori Prefectural Museum, Tottori, 9 October 1976 - 7 November 1976, cat. no. 37
1977
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nara Prefectural Museum, Nara, 15 October 1977 - 13 November 1977, cat. no. 36
1978
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces from the National Museum of Western Art, The Art Center of Oita Prefecture, Oita, 20 December 1978 - 31 January 1979, cat. no. 30
1982
Exposition spéciale pour l'ouverture du Musée des Beaux-Arts,Gifu : Paris autour de 1882 : Le Développemėnt de la peinture moderne en France et Hôsui Yamamoto, The Museum of Fine Arts, Gifu, 3 November 1982 - 19 December 1982, cat. no. 40, col. repr
1983
1880 Nendai no Parigadan Ten, The Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura, 15 January 1983 - 20 February 1983, cat. no. 31, col. repr.
1990
La peinture de l'Ecole lyonnaise du XIXe siècle : La Floire de Lyon, The Museum of Fine Arts, Gifu, 20 July 1990 - 2 September 1990, Tsukuba Museum of Art, Ibaraki, 9 September-14 October 1990; The Fukuyama Museum of Art, 20 October-2 December 1990, cat. no. 77, col. repr.
1994
Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, 25 February 1994 - 29 May 1994, cat. no. 81, repr.
1996
The Crossing Visions: European and Modern Japanese Art from the Collections of The National Museum of Western Art & The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 20 July 1996 - 8 September 1996, cat. no. 42
2000
Tanka at the National Museum of Western Art: An Encounter between Poet and Art, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 25 July 2000 - 29 October 2000, cat. no. 59
2004
Permanent exhibition, Ohara Museum of Art, 10 September 2004 - 12 December 2004
2009
"Shirakaba": Pilots of Art in Modern Japan, Hiroshima Museum of Art, 13 September 2009 - 25 October 2009, cat. no.I-27, col. repr.
2013
Monet, An Eye for Landscapes: Innovation in 19th Century French Landscape Paintings, Pola Museum of Art, 13 July 2013 - 24 November 2013, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 7 December 2013-9 March 2014, cat. no. 67, col. repr.
2019
The Matsukata Collection: A One-Hundred-Year Odyssey: Upon the 60th Anniversary of the NMWA, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 11 June 2019 - 23 September 2019, cat. no. 97, col. repr.

Bibliography

0
Durand-Ruel Archives. New York, no. 12095
1922
Tabarant. La collection Matsukata. Bulletin de la vie artistique. 36 Anée no. 24, 15 December 1922, pp. 564-567
1955
La Collection Matsukata, Tokyo, Asahi- Shimbun, 1955 (Japanese), no. 7, col. repr.
1959
Takashina, Shuji. A Hundred Year of the French Modern Paintings: Pictures from Matsukata Collection. Mizue: a monthly review of the fine arts. no. 651, Special Number, July 1959 (in Japanese), pp. 5-8, repr.
1959
Zusetsu Sekai Bunkashi Taikei. vol. 10, Tokyo, Kadokawa Shoten, 1959, p. 20, pl. 7, repr.
1959
Miyamoto, Saburo. Seiyo-bijyutsukan no e ni tsuite. Sansai. no. 115, June 1959 (Japanese), pp. 29-31, repr.
1961
Catalogue du Musée National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1961 (Préface and Catalogue Général in Japanese and French), P-242.
1961
, Sekai Bijyutsu Zenshu. Tominaga, Soichi, ed. vol. 36, Tokyo, Kadokawa Shoten, 1961
1964
Peillex, Georges. La peinture du XIXe siècle. Paris, Pont Royal, 1964 (Le livre-musée. La peinture Occidentale: 11), no. 59, repr.
1971
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1971 (Japanese), no. 66, repr.
1975
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1975 (Japanese), no. 62, repr.
1976
Puvis de Chavannes: 1824-1898 (exh. cat.). Grand Palais, Paris, 26 November 1976 - 14 February 1977; Galerie nationale du Canada, Ottawa, 18 March - 1 May 1977. Paris, Éditions des Musées nationaux, c1976, p. 157
1976
Puvis de Chavennes (exh. cat.). Paris, 1976, p. 159, mentioned under cat. no. 138
1978
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1978 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 67, repr.
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of Paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 227, repr.
1981
Poklady svetových galérií. Svět v obrazech. ročník 37, 1981. 5, [p. 32], repr.
1983
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1983 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 72, repr.
1983
1880-Nendai no Paris Gadan Ten (exh. cat.). The Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura, Kamakura, 15 January – 20 February 1983. Tokyo, Tokyo Shimbun, 1983, cat. no. 31, repr.
1989
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1989 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 87, repr.
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. 1233.
1993
Imahashi, Eiko. Ito Shoukei Nihonjin no Paris. Tokyo, 1993, pp. 302-307, pl. 1, repr.
1994
Price, Aimée Brown. The Poor Fisherman: A Painting in Context. Pierre Puvis de Chavannes (exh. cat). Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam, 25 February - 29 May 1994. Amsterdam, 1994, pp. 45-53, 162
1996
Oki, Yukiko. Pierre Puvis de Chavannes: Le pauvre pêcheur. Seikimatsu to Shocho-Shugi. Takashina Shuji; Senzoku, Nobuyuki, eds. Shogakukan, 1996 (Sekai Bijyutsu Dai-zenshu, Seiyo-hen, 24), cat. no. 12, repr.
1996
The Crossing Visions: European and Modern Japanese Art: From the Collection of the National Museum of Western Art & the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo (exh. cat.). The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Tokyo, 20 July – 8 September 1996. Tokyo, the National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, pp. 82, 243, cat. no. 42, repr.
1998
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1998 (Japanese, introduction in Japanese and English), no. 96, repr.
2002
Da Puvis de Chavannes a Matisse e Picasso: Verso l'arte moderna (exh. cat.). Lemoine, Serge, ed. Palazzo Grassi, Venezia. 10 February – 16 June 2002. [Milano], Bompiani, 2002, no. 18, repr. (not exhibited)
2009
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2009, no. 94, col. repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 101, col. repr.
2018
The Matsukata Collection: Complete Catalogue of the European Art. Kawaguchi, Masako; Jingaoka, Megumi, eds. vol. 1: Paintings, Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2018, cat. no. 891, col. repr.

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