The National Museum of Western Art

Paul Cézanne [Aix-en-Provence, 1839 - Aix-en-Provence, 1906]

The Bare Trees at Jas de Bouffan

Date1885-86
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)60.3 x 73
Credit LinePurchased
Standard ref.Venturi 414; Rewald 552
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1978-0005
The Bare Trees at Jas de Bouffan

Cézanne's father purchased a large mansion called Jas de Bouffan on the outskirts of Aix-en-Provence in 1859. The beautiful buildings and farms had formerly been the residence of the governors of Provence. Cézanne stayed mainly in Aix from the beginning of the 1880s, and the buildings of Jas de Bouffan, its rows of chestnut trees, reservoirs, farm and the walls surrounding the estate are often seen in Cézanne's paintings after 1882. This work was painted near the back gate of the estate. Several roughly depicted chestnut trees with their arabesque-shaped branches are seen in the left of the composition, and the occasional glimpse of blank space attests to the work's overall soft, sketch-like form. Conversely, the undulations that continue from the back entrance and wall to the distant range of mountains are precisely expressed in long narrow strips of blue, blue green and ochre that maintain Cézanne's firm sense of spatial order. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 89)

Provenance

Ambroise Vollard, Paris; E. R. Bühler, Winterthur (August 1918); Galerie Thannhauser, Lucern (1 October 1928); Salmon Schocken, New York; Private Collection, New York; E. V. Thau, by which sold to the NMWA, 1978.

Exhibition History

1909
[Group Exhibition], Paul Cassirer, Berlin, 17 November 1909 - 12 December 1909, cat. no. 23
1912
, Modern Galerie [Heinrich Thanhauser], Munich, 1912 - 1912, n.n.?
1952
Cézanne: Rarely Shown Works, Fine art Associates [Otto Gerson], New York, 10 November 1952 - 29 November 1952, cat. no. 5, ill.
1980
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Nagasaki Prefectural Museum, Nagasaki, 29 November 1980 - 13 December 1980, cat. no. 4
1980
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Art Center of Oita Prefecture, Oita, 22 October 1980 - 5 November 1980, cat. no. 4
1980
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Kumamoto Prefectural Museum, Kumamoto, 11 November 1980 - 24 November 1980, cat. no. 4
1981
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Iwate Prefectural Hall, Morioka, 28 October 1981 - 11 November 1981, cat. no. 6
1981
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Fukushima Prefectural Culture Center, Fukushima, 18 November 1981 - 2 December 1981, cat. no. 6
1981
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Hirosaki Municipal Museum, 7 October 1981 - 21 October 1981, cat. no. 6
1982
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Cultural Center of Kagawa Prefecture, Takamatsu, 23 October 1982 - 7 November 1982, cat. no. 6
1982
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Tottori Prefectural Museum, Tottori, 1 October 1982 - 17 October 1982, cat. no. 6
1982
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Cultural Center of Kochi Prefecture, Kochi, 13 November 1982 - 28 November 1982, cat. no. 6
1984
Paul Cézanne, Museo Español de Arte Contemporáneo, Madrid, 1984 - 1984, cat. no. 25, col. repr.
1986
Cézanne, Isetan Museum of Art, 18 September 1986 - 7 October 1986, The Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Modern Art, 10 Octber 1986-9 November 1986, The Aichi Prefectural Art Gallery, 15 November 1986-4 December 1986, cat. no. 21, col. repr. Exhibited only at Kobe & Nagoya
1987
Exposition Paul Cézanne : affinité entre son oeuvre et le groupe Shirakaba , Musée Kiyoharu Shirakaba, 12 May 1987 - 28 June 1987, cat. no. 10, col. rep.
1989
The French Modern Painting, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Miyakonojo City Museum, 15 April 1989 - 14 May 1989, cat. no. 10, col. repr.
1990
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Ibara Municipal Denchu Art Museum, 10 April 1990 - 23 April 1990, cat. no. 11
1990
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Cultural Center of Kagawa Prefecture, Takamatsu, 28 April 1990 - 13 May 1990, cat. no. 11
1990
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Cultural Center of Toyota City, 19 May 1990 - 3 June 1990, cat. no. 11
1992
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Urasoe Art Museum, 3 November 1992 - 7 December 1992, cat. no. 10
1996
The Crossing Visions: European and Modern Japanese Art from the Collections of The National Museum of Western Art & The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 20 July 1996 - 8 September 1996, cat. no. 22
2000
Tanka at the National Museum of Western Art: An Encounter between Poet and Art, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 25 July 2000 - 29 October 2000, cat. no. 47
2008
Homage to Cezanne : his influence on the development of twentieth century painting, Yokohama Museum of Art, 15 November 2008 - 25 January 2009, cat. no. 75, col. repr.
2012
Cézanne. Paris-Provence, The National Art Center, Tokyo, 28 March 2012 - 11 June 2012, cat. no. 37, col. repr.

Bibliography

1936
Venturi, Lionello. Cézanne: son art, son œuvre. vol. 1, Paris, 1936, p.155, no. 414, repr.
1956
Gowing, Lawrence. Notes on the development of Cézanne. The Burlington Magazine. vol. 98, no. 639, June 1956, pp. 185-192.
1970
Gatto, Alfonso; Orienti, Sandra. L'opera completa di Cézanne. Milano, Rizzoli, 1970, p. 103, no. 378, repr.
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 37, repr.
1980
Annual Bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 13 (1978), 1980, Watanabe, Yasuko. New Acquisitions (Painting). pp. 18-19, New Acquisitions (Catalogue). pp. 26-27, repr.
1996
Rewald, John. The paintings of Paul Cézanne: a catalogue raisonné. vol. 1, New York, 1996, p. 373, no. 552.
2006
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2006 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 89, col. repr.
2009
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2009, no. 89, col. repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 96, col. repr.

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