The National Museum of Western Art

update 14 September 2021

Currently not on display

Camille Pissarro [Saint Thomas, 1830 - Paris, 1903]

Winter Landscape

Date1873
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)52 x 81
InscriptionsSigned and dated lower left: C. Pissarro. 1873.
Credit LineMatsukata Collection
Standard ref.Pissarro/Venturi 205; Pissarro/Snollaerts 286; M868
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1959-0166
Winter Landscape

The French Impressionist painter Pissarro began creating works with Cézanne and Guillaumin in Pontoise after he returned from London in 1871. The scene shown in this work was found on the country road that ran along the train tracks near Pontoise. The Impressionists, including Pissarro, frequently painted snowscapes in their winter scenes, where the subject actually becomes the subtle play of light and shade. Here the harmonies of grays and browns allow the composition to convey the melancholy feel of a barren field seen in the thin light of winter. (Source: The Digital Gallery. 1999-2006)

Provenance

Horatio David Davies, Wateringbury Place, Kent (UK); sale (The property of Alderman Sir Horatio D. Davies), Christie, Manson & Woods, London, 27 June 1903, lot 63; jointly purchased by Durand-Ruel, Bernheim-Jeune, Paris [gallery label on the reverse], and Paul Rosenberg, New York; Durand-Ruel's share sold to Paul Rosenberg, 5 January 1920; purchased from Rosenberg by Kojiro Matsukata, Kobe, ca. March 1922, as ‘Chemin de fer’ (Fr. 25,000) [see letter from Paul Rosenberg to Léonce Bénédite, dated 30 March 1922, in the Bibliothèque centrale des musées nationaux, Paris (copy in NMWA curatorial file)]; sequestered by French government, 1944; vested in French government under San Francisco Peace Treaty, 1952; transferred from French to Japanese government, 23 January 1959; entered into NMWA, April 1959.

Exhibition History

1876
Deuxième Exposition de peinture, Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, 1876 - 1876, cat. no. 205
1910
Tableaux et gouaches par Camille Pissarro, Galerie Durand-Ruel, Paris, 10 January 1910 - 26 January 1910, cat. no. 42
1947
De David à Cézanne, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussel, 1947 - 1948, cat. no. 107, pl. 54
1948
Gli impressionisti alla XXIV Biennale di Venezia, 29 May 1948 - 30 September 1948, cat. no. 19, pl. 20 (as "La strada lungo la ferrovia")
1949
Landscape in French Art (1550-1900), Royal Academy of Arts, London, 10 December 1949 - 5 March 1950, cat. no. 238
1953
Van Gogh's grote tijdgenoten, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, 1953 - 1953, Kröller-Müller Museum, Otterlo, 1953, cat. no. 41 (as "La route au bord du chemin de fer; effet de neige")
1956
Peinture française du XIXe siècle, Moscow, 1956 - 1956
1956
Peinture française de David à Cézanne, National Museum, Warsaw, 15 June 1956 - 31 July 1956, cat. no. 79
1960
The Masterpieces of the Ex-Matsukata Collection, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 May 1960 - 10 July 1960, cat. no. 100
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Art Gallery of Aichi Prefecture, Nagoya, 17 November 1962 - 9 December 1962, cat. no. 44 (当館記録による)
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Hakutsuru Museum, Kobe, 20 October 1962 - 5 November 1962, P-229
1963
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishibashi Museum of Art, Kurume, 26 October 1963 - 10 November 1963, P-229
1963
The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Shimane Prefectural Museum, Matsue, 5 October 1963 - 20 October 1963, P-229
1973
Exhibitoin of Treasured Masterpieces of the 19th Century Painting, Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art, 15 September 1973 - 21 October 1973, cat. no. 16
1973
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Kochi Prefecture, Kochi, 28 October 1973 - 25 November 1973, cat. no. 48
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Saga Prefectural Museum, Saga, 16 November 1974 - 1 December 1974, cat. no. 47
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Fukuoka Prefecture, Fukuoka, 13 October 1974 - 10 November 1974, cat. no. 47
1975
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Yamagata Museum, Yamagata, 1 November 1975 - 30 November 1975, cat. no. 48
1976
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Tottori Prefectural Museum, Tottori, 9 October 1976 - 7 November 1976, cat. no. 16
1977
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nara Prefectural Museum, Nara, 15 October 1977 - 13 November 1977, cat. no. 14
1978
European Landscape Painting, Yamanashi Prefectural Museum of Art, Kofu, 3 November 1978 - 15 January 1979, cat. no. 75
1978
European Landscape Painting, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 September 1978 - 26 October 1978, cat. no. 78, repr.
1984
Rétrospective Camille Pissarro, Fukuoka Art Museum, 25 April 1984 - 20 May 1984, Kyoto Municipal Museum of Art, 26 May-1 July, cat. no. 18, col. repr.
1992
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Urasoe Art Museum, 3 November 1992 - 7 December 1992, cat. no. 4
1994
Paris en 1874: L'Année de l'Impressionnisme (Paris in 1874: The Year of Impressionism), National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 20 September 1994 - 27 November 1994, cat. no. 41
1995
Nagasaki Prefectural Art Museum, Modern Japanese Art-Between the East and the West, 1 November 1995 - 30 November 1995, cat. no. 27, col. repr.
1997
Expressiveness of Materials, National Museum of Art, Osaka, 19 April 1997 - 22 June 1997, cat. no. 18
2008
Claude Monet : Impression, soleil levant , Nagoya City Art Museum, 23 December 2008 - 8 February 2009, cat. no. 22, col. repr.
2012
Camille Pissarro: Patriarche de la modernité, Utsunomiya Museum of Art, 24 March 2012 - 27 May 2012, cat. no. 25, col. repr., Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, 6 June 2012 - 19 August 2012
2013
Monet, An Eye for Landscapes: Innovation in 19th Century French Landscape Paintings, Pola Museum of Art, 13 July 2013 - 24 November 2013, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 7 December 2013-9 March 2014, cat. no. 16, col. repr.
2015
Japan's Love for Impressionism: From Monet to Renoir, Bundeskunsthalle, Bonn, 8 October 2015 - 21 February 2016, cat. no. 60, col. repr.

Bibliography

1939
Pissarro, L. R.; Venturi, L. Camille Pissarro, son art- son œuvre. Paris, 1939, p. 108, no. 205, pl. 41 (as "la route au bord du chemin de fer, effet de neige")
1955
La Collection Matsukata, Tokyo, Asahi- Shimbun, 1955 (Japanese), no. 11, col. repr.
1961
Catalogue du Musée National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1961 (Préface and Catalogue Général in Japanese and French), P-229
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of Paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 217, repr.
1981
Lloyd, Christopher, Camille Pissarro, Albert Skira, Geneva, pp. 50-51, repr.
1990
Brettell, Richard R., Pissarro and Pontoise, the Painter in a Landscape, New Haven/ London, Yale University Press, 1990, pp. 64, 65, 148, 158, cat. no. 60, repr. color.
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. 1204.
2005
Pissarro, Joachim; Snollaerts, Claire Durand-Ruel. Pissarro: Critical Catalogue of Paintings. Milan, Skira; Paris, Wildenstein Institute, c2005, vol. 2, p. 227, cat. no. 286, repr.
2018
The Matsukata Collection: Complete Catalogue of the European Art. Kawaguchi, Masako; Jingaoka, Megumi, eds. vol. 1: Paintings, Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2018, cat. no. 868, col. repr.

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