The National Museum of Western Art

Claude Monet [Paris, 1840 - Giverny, 1926]

Waterloo Bridge in London

Date1902
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)65.7 x 100.5
InscriptionsSigned and dated lower left: Claude Monet 1902
Credit LineMatsukata Collection
Standard ref.Wildenstein 1594; M780
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1959-0155
Waterloo Bridge in London

Monet visited London several times after 1871. He created many fine works during his three trips in 1899, 1900 and 1901. Setting up his easel on the balcony of the Savoy Hotel that faces the Thames River, Monet painted works that combined the three motifs of the Waterloo Bridge, Parliament and Charing Cross Bridge. This painting is one of this series of works. Caught in a diagonal bird's eye view, the Waterloo Bridge is shown in a slightly reddish palette, with the figures and horses crossing it seeming to float against London's trademark fog. The light faintly shining from the surface of the water is diffused by the vague fog before the object of the bridge which definitively recreates a three dimensional space. The hard compositional element of the bridge is almost completely obscured, and its shape is only slightly visible in the pigments that reflect light. The NMWA collections also contain a painting by Monet of Charing Cross Bridge in London. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no.77)

Provenance

Purchased possibly from the artist by Kojiro Matsukata, Kobe, ca. December 1921 [see letter from Léonce Bénédite to (Claude Monet), dated 11 December 1921, in the Bibliothèque centrale des musées nationaux, Paris (copy in NMWA curatorial file)]; sequestered by French government, 1944; vested in French government under San Francisco Peace Treaty, 1952; transferred from French to Japanese government, 23 January 1959; entered into NMWA, April 1959.

Exhibition History

1924
Exposition Claude Monet, organisée au bénéfice des Victimes de la Catastrophe du Japon, Galeries Georges Petit, Paris, 4 January 1924 - 18 January 1924, cat. no. 18
1952
Monet, Dienst voor Schone Kunsten, Den Haag, 1952 - 1952, cat. no. 78
1960
The Masterpieces of the Ex-Matsukata Collection, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 May 1960 - 10 July 1960, cat. no. 77
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Hakutsuru Museum, Kobe, 20 October 1962 - 5 November 1962, P-213
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Art Gallery of Aichi Prefecture, Nagoya, 17 November 1962 - 9 December 1962, cat. no. 39 (当館記録による)
1963
The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Shimane Prefectural Museum, Matsue, 5 October 1963 - 20 October 1963, P-213
1963
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishibashi Museum of Art, Kurume, 26 October 1963 - 10 November 1963, P-213
1973
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Kochi Prefecture, Kochi, 28 October 1973 - 25 November 1973, cat. no. 44
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Saga Prefectural Museum, Saga, 16 November 1974 - 1 December 1974, cat. no. 43
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Fukuoka Prefecture, Fukuoka, 13 October 1974 - 10 November 1974, cat. no. 43
1975
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Yamagata Museum, Yamagata, 1 November 1975 - 30 November 1975, cat. no. 43
1976
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Tottori Prefectural Museum, Tottori, 9 October 1976 - 7 November 1976, cat. no. 13
1977
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nara Prefectural Museum, Nara, 15 October 1977 - 13 November 1977, cat. no. 12
1978
European Landscape Painting, Yamanashi Prefectural Museum of Art, Kofu, 3 November 1978 - 15 January 1979, cat. no. 74
1978
European Landscape Painting, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 September 1978 - 26 October 1978, cat. no. 77, repr.
1982
Monet, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 9 October 1982 - 28 November 1982, cat. no. 46
1995
[Tour Exhibition] Painting: Tradition and Innovation, Hyogo Prefectural Museum of History, Himeji; Himeji City Museum of Art, 11 February 1995 - 12 March 1995, cat. no. 20
1995
[Tour Exhibition] Painting: Tradition and Innovation, Yatsushiro Municipal Museum, 14 January 1995 - 5 February 1995, cat. no. 20
1996
The Crossing Visions: European and Modern Japanese Art from the Collections of The National Museum of Western Art & The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 20 July 1996 - 8 September 1996, cat. no. 8
2007
Monet: l'art de Monet et sa postérité, The National Art Center, Tokyo, 7 April 2007 - 2 July 2007, cat. no. 82, col. repr.
2010
Impressionism and Modern Art, Suntory Museum in Tempozan, 10 July 2010 - 20 September 2010, cat. no. 18, col. repr.
2013
Monet, An Eye for Landscapes: Innovation in 19th Century French Landscape Paintings, Pola Museum of Art, 13 July 2013 - 24 November 2013, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 7 December 2013-9 March 2014, cat. no. 88, col. repr.
2015
NO MUSEUM, NO LIFE?: Art-Museum Encyclopedia to Come: From the Collections of the National Museums of Art, The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 16 June 2015 - 13 September 2015, cat. no. L-3
2019
The Matsukata Collection: A One-Hundred-Year Odyssey: Upon the 60th Anniversary of the NMWA, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 11 June 2019 - 23 September 2019, cat. no. 112, col. repr.

Bibliography

1955
La Collection Matsukata, Tokyo, Asahi- Shimbun, 1955 (Japanese), no. 39, repr.
1959
Mizue: a monthly review of the fine arts. no. 651, Special Number, July 1959 (in Japanese), repr.
1961
Catalogue du Musée National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1961 (Préface and Catalogue Général in Japanese and French), P-213.
1968
Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 2, 1968, p. 18, no. 28, repr.
1971
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1971 (Japanese), no. 55, repr.
1975
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1975 (Japanese), no. 39, repr.
1978
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1978 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 46, repr.
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of Paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 195, repr.
1985
Wildenstein, Daniel. Claude Monet, biographie et catalogue raisonné. tome 4, Lausanne/ Paris, 1985, pp. 182-183; tome 5, 1991, pp. 52, 215 (lettre no. 3061).
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. 1071.
1996
Wildenstein, Daniel. Monet: Catalogue raisonné. vol. 3, Cologne, Taschen, 1996, p. 699, cat. no. 1594, repr. color.
2006
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2006 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 77, col. repr.
2009
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2009, no. 77, col. repr.
2018
The Matsukata Collection: Complete Catalogue of the European Art. Kawaguchi, Masako; Jingaoka, Megumi, eds. vol. 1: Paintings, Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2018, cat. no. 780, col. repr.

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