The National Museum of Western Art

update 14 September 2021

Currently not on display

Claude Monet [Paris, 1840 - Giverny, 1926]

Heavy Sea at Pourville

Date1897
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)73.5 x 101
InscriptionsSigned and dated lower left: Claude Monet 97
Credit LineMatsukata Collection
Standard ref.Wildenstein 1444; M774
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1959-0149
Heavy Sea at Pourville

Throughout his life Monet painted one of his favorite motifs, the landscapes of the sea and sky of his home region of Normandy. This subject can be said to have been bequeathed to Monet by his teacher Boudin. Yet while the numerous works that remain by Boudin focus on genre elements, Monet was interested in the landscape itself. As opposed to the techniques used in the majority of his other landscapes, Monet employed a rhythmic blending of rough brush strokes and a very light layering of pigment in this work created in a small fisherman's hut by the beach. The brushwork is very slight on the light sparkles of the calm surface of the sea and thickens and becomes more agitated as the artist depicts an instant impression of peaking waves and scudding clouds. While quite distant from the brushwork roots of the original Impressionism, the free brushwork found in Monet's final works is prefigured here. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no.75)

Provenance

Purchased possibly from the artist by Kojiro Matsukata, Kobe, ca. December 1921 [see letter from Léonce Bénédite to (Claude Monet), dated 11 December 1921, in the Bibliothèque centrale des musées nationaux, Paris (copy in NMWA curatorial file)]; sequestered by French government, 1944; vested in French government under San Francisco Peace Treaty, 1952; transferred from French to Japanese government, 23 January 1959; entered into NMWA, April 1959.

Exhibition History

1924
Exposition Claude Monet, organisée au bénéfice des Victimes de la Catastrophe du Japon, Galeries Georges Petit, Paris, 4 January 1924 - 18 January 1924, cat. no. 15
1952
Monet, Kunsthaus, Zürich, 1952 - 1952, cat. no. 90
1952
Monet, Dienst voor Schone Kunsten, Den Haag, 1952 - 1952, cat. no. 71
1960
The Masterpieces of the Ex-Matsukata Collection, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 May 1960 - 10 July 1960, cat. no. 74
1963
The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Shimane Prefectural Museum, Matsue, 5 October 1963 - 20 October 1963, P-207
1963
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishibashi Museum of Art, Kurume, 26 October 1963 - 10 November 1963, P-207
1964
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nakajima Sports Center of Hokkaido Prefecture, 22 August 1964 - 13 September 1964, cat. no. 14
1980
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Nagasaki Prefectural Museum, Nagasaki, 29 November 1980 - 13 December 1980, cat. no. 3
1980
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Kumamoto Prefectural Museum, Kumamoto, 11 November 1980 - 24 November 1980, cat. no. 3
1980
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Art Center of Oita Prefecture, Oita, 22 October 1980 - 5 November 1980, cat. no. 3
1981
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Fukushima Prefectural Culture Center, Fukushima, 18 November 1981 - 2 December 1981, cat. no. 5
1981
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Hirosaki Municipal Museum, 7 October 1981 - 21 October 1981, cat. no. 5
1981
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces of Art from the Collection of National Museums, The Iwate Prefectural Hall, Morioka, 28 October 1981 - 11 November 1981, cat. no. 5
1982
Monet, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 9 October 1982 - 28 November 1982, cat. no. 43
1997
Expressiveness of Materials, National Museum of Art, Osaka, 17 April 1997 - 22 June 1997, cat. no. 27
2005
Museum Collection, Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, 8 March 2005 - 29 May 2005
2008
Claude Monet: Impression, soleil levant , Nagoya City Art Museum, 23 December 2008 - 8 February 2009, cat. no. 11, col. repr.
2013
Monet, An Eye for Landscapes: Innovation in 19th Century French Landscape Paintings, Pola Museum of Art, 13 July 2013 - 24 November 2013, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 7 December 2013-9 March 2014, cat. no. 44, col. repr.
2019
The Matsukata Collection: A One-Hundred-Year Odyssey: Upon the 60th Anniversary of the NMWA, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 11 June 2019 - 23 September 2019, cat. no. 110, col. repr.

Bibliography

1955
La Collection Matsukata, Tokyo, Asahi- Shimbun, 1955 (Japanese), no. 38, repr.
1959
Omori, Keisuke. [Commentary]. Mizue: a monthly review of the fine arts. no. 651, Special Number, July 1959 (in Japanese)., p. 11, col. repr.
1961
Catalogue du Musée National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1961 (Préface and Catalogue Général in Japanese and French), P-207.
1961
Sekai Bijyutsu Zenshu. vol. 36, Tokyo, Kadokawa Shoten, 1961, pl. 3, col. repr. (detail)
1968
Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 2, 1968, pp. 16-17, no. 25, repr.
1971
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1971 (Japanese), no. 52, repr.
1971
Kuroe, M. La mer de Pourville, À propos de la correction du titre d'un tableau de Monet. Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 5, 1971, pp. 8-13.
1975
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1975 (Japanese)Z, no. 36, repr.
1978
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1978 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 43, repr.
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of Paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 189, repr.
1979
Wildenstein, D. Claude Monet, biographie et catalogue raisonné. tome 3, Lausanne/ Paris, 1979, p. 200, no. 1444, repr.; tome 5, 1991, pp. 50, 215 (lettre no. 3061).
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. 1065.
1996
Wildenstein, Daniel. Monet: Catalogue raisonné. vol. 3, Cologne, Taschen, 1996, p. 598, cat. no. 1444, repr. color.
2006
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2006 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 75, col. repr.
2009
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2009, no. 75, col. repr.
2018
The Matsukata Collection: Complete Catalogue of the European Art. Kawaguchi, Masako; Jingaoka, Megumi, eds. vol. 1: Paintings, Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2018, cat. no. 774, col. repr.

Page top