The National Museum of Western Art

update 02 February 2014

Currently not on display

Aristide Maillol [Banyuls-sur-Mer, 1861 - Banyuls-sur-Mer, 1944]

Ile-de-France

Date1925
Materials/Techniquesbronze
Size (cm)167 x 47 x 49
InscriptionsSigned (in monogram) and inscribed right top: AM / épreuve de l'artiste; Foundry mark back of base: Alexis Rudier. / Fondeur. Paris
Credit LinePurchased
CategorySculptures
Collection NumberS.1963-0002
NoImage

To Maillol, nature was the source of movement and thought. Nature was the one thing that he had faith in. The female form was a miniature universe encompassing the order, harmony, beauty and peace of nature. He gave nature-based names such as La Méditerranée, Mountain, River, Spring, Summer, Night, and Atmosphere to his numerous sculptures of the female form. Ile-de-France refers to the fertile land surrounding Paris which is bounded by the Seine, Marne and Oise Rivers. Maillol loved the rich nature of the Ile-de-France in addition to that of his home town of Banyuls, and he spent the majority of his life in one of these two locales. In 1910 Maillol conceived of the motif of a "Young Girl Walking in Water" and created three torso practice works of the subject before 1921. Ile-de-France was then based on these study torsos. This female form with its expanded chest, gently pulled back left leg and straight right supporting leg, does not actually walk, but rather shows the figure simply standing as it has newly emerged from the earth. The movement that arcs from the left leg up through the stomach, chest and shoulder, both arms holding a cloth that naturally stretch back from the perpendicular right leg, and the quiet poise of the head glancing to the left all contribute in a calm flowing movement. Maillol's sculptural methods are architectural rather than modelled in their creation of a synthesis of the individual forms of a human body into an ordered structure that balances contrast and harmony. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 146)

Exhibition History

1963
Maillol, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2 August 1963 - 15 September 1963, cat. no. 47
1964
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nakajima Sports Center of Hokkaido Prefecture, 22 August 1964 - 13 September 1964, cat. no. 82
1965
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishikawa Prefectural Museum of Art, Kanazawa, 22 September 1965 - 10 October 1965, cat. no. 70
1965
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Okayama Prefecture, Okayama, 20 October 1965 - 7 November 1965, cat. no. 70
1966
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Wakayama Prefectural Museum of Art, Wakayama, 15 October 1966 - 4 November 1966, cat. no. 65
1966
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Oita Prefecture, Oita, 12 November 1966 - 27 November 1966, cat. no. 65
1967
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Kagoshima Municipal Museum of Art, 28 April 1967 - 21 May 1967, cat. no. 65
1968
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Niigata Prefectural Museum, Niigata, 14 July 1968 - 4 August 1968, cat. no. 77
1968
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Hiroshima Prefectural Museum of Art, Hiroshima, 26 October 1968 - 17 November 1968, cat. no. 77
1969
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Ibaraki Prefecture, Mito, 22 November 1969 - 21 December 1969, cat. no. 77
1970
Discovery of Harmony, Expo Museum of Fine Arts, 15 March 1970 - 13 September 1970, cat. no. IV-249, repr.
1973
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Kochi Prefecture, Kochi, 28 October 1973 - 25 November 1973, cat. no. 67
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Fukuoka Prefecture, Fukuoka, 13 October 1974 - 10 November 1974, cat. no. 65
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Saga Prefectural Museum, Saga, 16 November 1974 - 1 December 1974, cat. no. 65
1975
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Yamagata Museum, Yamagata, 1 November 1975 - 30 November 1975, cat. no. 65
1978
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces from the National Museum of Western Art, The Art Center of Oita Prefecture, Oita, 20 December 1978 - 31 January 1979, cat. no. 78
1984
Development of Sculpture in the Twentieth Century : from Rodin to Christo, The Museum of Modern Art, Shiga, 26 August 1984 - 7 October 1984, cat. no. 9, repr.
1984
Exposition Maillol, Yamanashi Prefectural Museum of Art, 7 April 1984 - 6 May 1984, cat. no. S-43, repr. color., Hiroshima Museum of Art, 12 May 1984 - 17 June 1984, Kumamoto Prefectural Museum of Art, 23 June 1984 - 29 July 1984
1990
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Ibara Municipal Denchu Art Museum, 10 April 1990 - 23 April 1990, cat. no. 44
1990
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Cultural Center of Kagawa Prefecture, Takamatsu, 28 April 1990 - 13 May 1990, cat. no. 44
1990
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Cultural Center of Toyota City, 19 May 1990 - 3 June 1990, cat. no. 44
1991
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Hachinohe City Museum of Art, 28 September 1991 - 27 October 1991, cat. no. 44
1997
Resonating Love and Life: European Art from National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Niigata Prefectural Museum of Modern Art, Nagaoka, 12 April 1997 - 18 May 1997, cat. no. 39
2000
Tanka at the National Museum of Western Art: An Encounter between Poet and Art, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 25 July 2000 - 29 October 2000, cat. no. 6

Bibliography

1964
George, Waldemar. Aristide Maillol et l'âme de la sculpture. Neuchâtel, Suisse, Editions Ides et calendes, 1964, p. 180, p. 183, repr.
1967
Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 1, 1967, Catalogue of the New Acquisitions. pp. 22-23, no. S-67. repr.

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