The National Museum of Western Art

update 03 July 2017

on display Permanent Collection

Georges de La Tour [Vic-sur-Seille, 1593 - Lunéville, 1652]

St. Thomas

Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)64.6 x 53.9
Credit LinePurchased
Standard ref.Thuillier 8
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.2003-0002
St. Thomas

Georges de la Tour was born in the Lorraine district of eastern France in the 17th century, and he spent his life in that district. After his death he was forgotten by history, until he was dramatically rediscovered in the 20th century. Today he is renowned as a painter worldwide. La Tour came to be known as the "night painter" given his many works showing a mystical setting lit by only the light of candles. Today only 40 some paintings are accepted as authentic works by the painter. St. Thomas, newly acquired in 2003 by the NMWA, is a painting that adorns the most recent page in the history of the rediscovery of this painter. The painting is considered a major work from La Tour's early period. It was only in 1987 that the existence of this painting became known. The painting was created in northern France as one in a series of the "Twelve Disciples of Christ", and for many years after its creation the set of paintings was placed in the cathedral in Albi. There is powerful realism in this work, including its painstaking portrayal of each and every wrinkle on the saint's face. This realism combines with a simplified composition of geometric forms created by areas highlighted by the carefully rendered daylight. This combination of characteristics is only found in authentic La Tour works. This series of paintings can be considered "day paintings" by contrast to the "night painting" examples lit solely by candlelight. Here the subject is one of Christ's twelve disciples, St. Thomas, known to have set out for distant India on his proselytizing journey, only to be martyred when spears were thrown by hostile heathens. Here Thomas is shown as a mature man with a full beard, holding his symbol, the spear. This spear alludes to the spear used by the Roman soldier to pierce Christ on the Cross. When Christ was resurrected, Thomas doubted his lord and asked to see the scar of the spear's thrust. Christ showed him the scar and he believed in Christ's resurrection. Here the doubting nature of this resolute saint is splendidly depicted in a diagonally arranged composition. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 42)

Provenance

Discovered in a private collection in Albi in 1987; Collection B. R., Paris;Vente Christie's no. 155, Monaco, 22 June 1991; Gallery Umeda, Osaka; Ishizuka Collection, Tokyo, September 1991; Auctioned at Christie's, London, no. 41, 10 December 1993; Purchased by the NMWA, 2004.

Exhibition History

2005
Georges de La Tour, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 8 March 2005 - 29 May 2005, cat no. 1
2016
Caravaggio: and his Time: Friends, Rivals and Enemies, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 1 March 2016 - 12 June 2016, cat. no. 48

Bibliography

1991
Rosenberg, Pierre. Musée du Louvre. Nouvelles Acquisitions du départment des peintures, 1987-1900. Paris, RMN, 1991, p.80, ill.
1992
Thuillier, Jacques. Georges de La Tour. Paris, Flammarion, 1992, pp. 46-57, repr., p. 283, no. 8, repr.
1993
Ramade, Patrick. Grand Siécle (exh. cat.). Montréal/Rennes/Montpelier, 1993, no. 25, fig. 2.
1994
Boyer, Jean-Claude. Les Apôtres de Georges de la Tour de Paris á Albi. Actes du colloque de Vic-sur-Seille, 9-11 septembre 1993. Metz, 1994, pp. 59-69.
1995
Thuillier, Jacques. Saint Jean Baptiste dans le désert. Metz, 1995 , p. 15, ill.
1995
Le Floch, Jean-Claude. Le Signe de contradiction. Essai sur Georges de La Tour et son oeuvres. Rennes, 1995, p. 66, pl. 31.
1996
Choné, Paulette. Georges de La Tour, Un paintre lorrain au XVIIe siécle. Tournai, 1996, p. 130, ill.
1996
Faggiolo dell'Arco. France in the Golden Age (exh. cat.). London, 1996, p. 94, ill.
1996
Cuzin, Jean-Pierre. Georges de La Tour and his World (exh. cat.). Washington/Fort Worth, 1996-1997, p. 198.
1996
Cuzin. Georges de La Tour, un caravagesque suspect, Réflexion à l'occasion de l'exposition à Washington. Le Journal des Arts. Dec. 1996, p. 22.
1996
Conisbee, Philip. Georges de La Tour and his World (exh. cat.). Washington/Fort Worth, 1996-1997, pp. 43-49, repr., p. 264, cat. no. 8, repr., p.206.
1997
Cuzin, Jean Pierre; Salmon, Dimitri. Georges de La Tour, Histoire d'une Découverte. Paris, 1997, (Découvertes Gallimard ; 329), p. 113, ill.
2004
Cuzin, Jean-Pierre; Salmon, Dimitri. Georges de La Tour, Histoire d'une Découverte. neuv. éd., Paris, 2004, (Découvertes Gallimard ; 329), pp. 113, 126, repr.
2005
Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 38 (Apr. 2003-Mar. 2004), 2005, Takahashi, AKiya. New Acquisitions. pp. 9-12, List of New Acquisitions. p. 50, repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 32, col. repr.

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