The National Museum of Western Art

update 30 May 2018

on display Permanent Collection

Anthony van Dyck [Antwerp, 1599 - London, 1641]

Diego Felipe de Guzmán, Marquis of Leganés

Datec. 1634
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)210 x 119
InscriptionsInscribed lower right, inventry number of the Leganés collection: 457
Credit LinePurchased
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1987-0002
Diego Felipe de Guzmán, Marquis of Leganés

This well-built figure wrapped in black robes and standing in a darkened interior is Diego Felipe de Guzmán, 1st Marquis of Leganés, who was active as a soldier and diplomat during the reign of Philip IV. The marquis was famous for his numerous acts of valor, and in addition, was known as a collector of art. While his collection included works by such representative Spanish painters as Velásquez and Ribera, and such Italian artists as Titian, it was particularly noteworthy for the large number of works by such Flemish artists as Rubens and Van Dyck acquired while he served at the palace in Brussels. This portrait is thought to have been painted in Brussels in 1634 when Van Dyck, court painter for the British king Charles I, returned briefly to Flanders. The work exhibits Van Dyck's special characteristics, his firm grasp of the subject's individual characteristics and his rich, somewhat idealized form of expression, while the subject's figure and clothing are relatively somber in terms of Van Dyck's normal palette. This could have been a result of specific instructions from the marquis, familiar with portraits by such Spanish artists as Velásquez. Another work that closely resembles this work is now in Madrid (Spanish-American Bank collection). The painting of secondary areas such as the background and clothing in the NMWA work is simplified and the work lacks an official character. Also, traces of revisions to the right arm, thought to have been painted by Van Dyck himself, indicate that this work was the first of the two to be painted. It can be suggested that the Madrid work was based on the NMWA work as a presentation piece. The number inscribed in the lower right of the composition also confirms that this work was originally in the marquis' own collection. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 29)

Provenance

Marquis of Leganés; Mr. Madrazo, Madrid; Sir Lionel Harvey, ca. 1821; Colonel Hugh Baillie; Mr. Birch, Norwood, 1827; Thomas, Earl of Grey; Earl Cowper, Panshanger; By decent to Baroness Lucas, Crudwell; Auc. Baroness Lucas, Christie's, May 26, 1922, no. 86; Mr. Vickers; Hon. Clive and Mrs. Pearson, Parham Hall (Sussex); Thomas Agnew and Sons Ltd., London; Purchased by the NMWA, 1987.

Exhibition History

1953
Flemish Art 1300-1700, Royal Academy of Art, London, 1953 - 1954, cat. no. 128
1990
Anthony van Dyck, Sogo Museum of Art, 15 August 1990 - 30 September 1990, cat.no. 26, repr. color., Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art, 6 October 1990 - 7 November 1990, Museum of Art, Kintetsu, 16 November 1990 - 3 December 1990
1997
Resonating Love and Life: European Art from National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Niigata Prefectural Museum of Modern Art, Nagaoka, 12 April 1997 - 18 May 1997, cat. no. 3

Bibliography

1900
Cust, Lionel H. Anthony van Dyck: An Historical Study of His Life and Works. London, 1900, p. 42.
1931
Glück, Gustav. Van Dyck: Des Meisters Gemälde. Stuttgart, 1931, (Klassiker der Kunst XIII), p. 566, fig. 424.
1962
López Navío, José. La gran colección de pinturas del Marqués de Leganés. Analecta Calasanctiana. nos. 7-8, 1962, p. 289, no. 457.
1966
Salas, Xavier de. Cuatro obras maestras. Madrid, 1966, p. 289, no. 457. (on the version at Coll. Banco Urquijo, Madrid.)
1975
Maîtres Flamands du Dix-septiéme Siècle du Prado et de collections privées espagnoles (exh. cat.). Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Bruxelles, 1975, (cited under no. 15.)
1977
Díaz Padrón, Matías. Pedro Pablo Rubens: Exposición Homenaje (exh. cat.). Palacio de Velàzquez, Madrid, 1977, (cited under no. 28.)
1980
Crawford Volk, Mary. New Light on a Seventeenth-Century Collector: The Marquis of Leganés. The Art Bulletin, June 1980, pp. 256-268.
1980
Larsen, Erik. L'Opera Completa di Van Dyck. Milano, 1980, (cited under no. 687.)
1982
Díaz Padrón, Matías. Colección Banco Urquijo. Madrid, 1982, (cited under no. 316.)
1987
Díaz Padrón, Matías. Colección Grupo Banco Hispano Americano: Renacimiento y Barroco (exh. cat. ). Museo de Santa Cruz, Toledo, 1987 , (cited under no. 9.)
1988
Kobayashi-Sato, Yoriko. Catalogue of Dutch and Flemish Paintings in Japan I. Annual Report Bridgestone. no. 37, 1988, pp. 42-43, no. 11, repr.
1988
Larsen, Erik. The Paintings of Anthony van Dyck. Freien, 1988, vol. 1, p. 338, vol. 2, p. 325, no. 827.
1989
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1989 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 23, repr.
1990
Catalogue of painting acquisitions: 1979-1989. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1990, pp. 34-36, repr.
1990
Yukiyama, Koji. Considerations on Diego Felipe de Guzmán, Marquis of Leganés by Anthony van Dyck. Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. Nos. 21-22 (1986-87), 1990, pp. 191-202, Catalogue of the New Acquisitions 1986-87. pp. 32-33, repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 43, col. repr.

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