The National Museum of Western Art

update 11 December 2019

on display Permanent collection

Bartolomeo Montagna (attributed to) [Orzinuovi?, c. 1450 - Vicenza, 1523]

Landscape with Castles

DateEnd of the 15th century - early 16th century
Materials/Techniquesoil on panel (tondo)
Size (cm)139.7 (diameter) x 139.7
Credit LinePurchased
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1978-0003
Landscape with Castles
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A shoreline backed with split rock cliffs fills the foreground of this composition, while the church and other buildings of a town are shown in the central left. A meandering path climbs behind this town towards several castles seen in the background, all elements of a richly detailed landscape scene. The "pure" landscape was extremely rare in this period, and the duck in the lower left and the castle in the upper right appear to be cut off, therefore further research is needed to confirm the supposition that it was a fragment of a larger composition. Various theories exist regarding the painter of the work, with B. Berenson attributing the work to the Florentine painter Piero di Cosimo, and R. Offner attributing it to the Venetian painter Vittore Carpaccio. However, M. Bacci, in her book Piero di Cosimo, indicates that the landscape is clearly different from that of the Tuscan region, and that the architecture is also the type found in the Veneto region. These factors suggest that a Veneto region painter created the painting. Finally, E. Fahy has verbally conveyed the idea, reiterated by L. Puppi, that Montagna painted the work. This seems the most convincing of the attributions. In any event, further research will be needed on this fascinating work. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 14)

Provenance

Liechtenstein Collection, Wien, (purchased by Prince Johann in Italy in 1882); Wildenstein, New York; Purchased by the NMWA, 1978.

Exhibition History

1968
Benefit exhibition for Arthritis Foundation, Wildenstein Gallery, New York, 1968 - 1968
1978
European Landscape Painting, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 September 1978 - 26 October 1978, cat. no. 4, col. repr.
1978
European Landscape Painting, Yamanashi Prefectural Museum of Art, Kofu, 3 November 1978 - 15 January 1979, cat. no. 4
1999
Florence and Venice: Italian Renaissance Paintings and Sculpture from the State Hermitage Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 20 March 1999 - 20 June 1999, cat. no. 14
2014
Voices Calling from the Unusual: Hirano Keiichiro's Selection of Western Art Masterpieces, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 8 April 2014 - 15 June 2014, cat. no. 28

Bibliography

1909
Berenson, Bernard. The Florentine Painters of the Renaissance. New York/London, 1909, p. 166 (attributed to Piero di Cosimo).
1931
Kronfeld, Adolf. Führer durch die fürstlich Liechtensteinsche Gemäldegalerie in Wien. 3rd. ed., Wien, Kunstverlag Wolfrum, 1931, p. 165, no. 844 (as anonymous).
1931
Marle, Raimond van. The Development of the Italian Schools of Painting. vol. 13, The Hague, Nijhoff, 1931, p. 380, note 3 (attributed to Piero di Cosimo).
1932
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford, Clarendon, 1932, p. 455 (attributed to Piero di Cosimo).
1936
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Milano, 1936, p. 390 (attributed to Piero di Cosimo).
1938
Berenson, Bernard. The Drawings of the Florentine Painters. vol. 3 (catalogue), Chicago, 1938, cited p. 258, no. 1858 (attributed to Piero di Cosimo).
1963
Berenson, Bernard. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance: Florentine School. vol. 1, London, Phaidon, 1963, p.177 (attributed to Piero di Cosimo).
1966
Bacci, Mina. Piero di Cosimo. Milano, Bramante, 1966, p. 124 (attributed to a painter from the Veneto).
1968
Without benefit of labels. Art News. vol. 67, no. 8, December 1968, p. 58, p. 34, fig. 4.
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 199, repr.
1979
Gazette des Beaux-Arts. Ser. 6, tome 93, Apr. 1979,"Chronique des Arts", p. 67, no. 337, repr.
1980
Annual Bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 13 (1978), 1980, Koshi, Koichi. New Acquisitions (Painting). pp. 16-17, New Acquisitions (Catalogue). pp. 24-25, repr.
2006
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2006 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 14, col. repr.
2009
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2009, cno. 14, col. repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 14, col. repr.

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