The National Museum of Western Art

update 11 December 2019

on display Permanent collection

Gustave Moreau [Paris, 1826 - Paris, 1898]

Salome at the Prison

Datec. 1873-76
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)40 x 32
InscriptionsSigned lower right: Gustave Moreau; Title and signature on the back of the canvas: Salomé-Gustave Moreau-
Credit LineMatsukata Collection
Standard ref.Mathieu 162; M811
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1959-0196
Salome at the Prison

Gustave Moreau was a nineteenth-century French Symbolist painter. The subject of the work is the beheading of St. John the Baptist. After being arrested for criticizing the marriage of King Herod of Judea to Herodias, the former wife of Herod’s brother, the saint was killed to reward Herodias’s daughter Salome for dancing before her stepfather. In fin-de-siècle art, Salome often represents the femme fatale who lures men to their doom. Here, however, Moreau focuses on the emotional undercurrents of her reaction to St. John’s beheading. (Source: Gallery label, October 2016)

Provenance

Brame, 1885; Berne-Bellecour; Esnault-Pelterie; Auc. Esnault-Pelterie, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, March 5, 1912, no. 46, repr.; Kojiro Matsukata; Sequestered by the French Government, 1944; Returned to Japan, 1959.

Exhibition History

1984
Gustave Moreau et Symbolisme, Yamanashi Prefectural Museum of Art, 9 September 1984 - 14 October 1984, The Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura, 27 October-2 December; Mie Prefectural Art Museum, 4 January-11 February 1985, cat. no. 64 (entry by MATHIEU, Pierre-Louis), repr.
1986
Gustave Moreau Symboliste, Kunsthaus, Zürich, 14 March 1986 - 25 May 1986, cat. no. 59, col. repr.
1992
Adam & Eve, The Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, 10 October 1992 - 6 December 1992, cat. no. 2, col. repr.
1995
Gustave Moreau, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 21 March 1995 - 14 May 1995, The National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, 23 May-9 July, cat. no. 58, col. repr.
1996
The Crossing Visions: European and Modern Japanese Art from the Collections of The National Museum of Western Art & The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 20 July 1996 - 8 September 1996, cat. no. 79
1998
Gustave Moreau: 1826-1898, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, 29 September 1998 - 4 January 1999, Art Institute of Chicago, 13 February-25 April; Metropolitan Museum of Art, 24 May-22 August
2000
Tanka at the National Museum of Western Art: An Encounter between Poet and Art, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 25 July 2000 - 29 October 2000, cat. no. 54
2008
Korekushon Tema Ten Kirameki no Kesshou: Gustave Moreau to Deshitachi, Ohara Museum of Art, 30 September 2008 - 30 November 2008
2014
Voices Calling from the Unusual: Hirano Keiichiro's Selection of Western Art Masterpieces, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 8 April 2014 - 15 June 2014, cat. no. 19
2017
Théodore Chassériau: parfum exotique, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 28 February 2017 - 28 May 2017, cat. no. 40.
2019
The Matsukata Collection: A One-Hundred-Year Odyssey: Upon the 60th Anniversary of the NMWA, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 11 June 2019 - 23 September 2019, cat. no. 105, col. repr.

Bibliography

1976
Mathieu, Pierre-Louis. Gustave Moreau, sa vie, son œuvre: Catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre achevé. Fribourg, 1976 (Trans. Takashina, Shuji; Oki, Yukiko. Gustave Moreau, sa vie, son œuvre. Tokyo, Sanseido,1980), no. 164, repr.
1983
Annual Bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 16 (1982), 1983, Change of Inventory Number. pp.36-37, repr.
1983
Takahashi, Akiya. Observations sur la Salomé à la prison de Gustave Moreau. Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 16 (1982), 1983, pp. 39-48.
1983
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1983 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 73, repr.
1990
Catalogue of Painting Acquisitions: 1979-1989. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1990, pp. 81-82, repr.
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. D-6.
2006
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2006 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 93, col. repr.
2009
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2009, no. 93, col. repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 100, col. repr.
2018
The Matsukata Collection: Complete Catalogue of the European Art. Kawaguchi, Masako; Jingaoka, Megumi, eds. vol. 1: Paintings, Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2018, cat. no. 811, col. repr.

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