The National Museum of Western Art

update 14 October 2014

Currently not on display

Vincent van Gogh [Groot-Zundert, 1853 - Auvers-sur-Oise, 1890]

Roses

Date1889
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)33 x 41.3
Credit LineMatsukata Collection
Standard ref.La Faille 580; Lecaldano 498; Hulsker 1679
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1959-0193

Van Gogh lived in Arles for half a year after his first breakdown, which resulted from an argument with Gauguin in December 1888, and then entered the psychiatric hospital in Saint-Rémy on May 9, 1889. This painting of roses was thought to be a work from the final days of his stay in Arles prior to his move to Saint-Rémy, but the revised view that the painting depicts one corner of the Saint-Rémy hospital grounds was expressed during the 1985 van Gogh exhibition held at the NMWA. Given that the doctors at the hospital restricted his activities and painting range to the hospital grounds, van Gogh seems to have limited his painting motifs to images from gardens during May of that year. "Since I've been here, there's been enough work for me to do, what with the neglected garden with its tall pines and long, unkempt grass mixed with all sorts of weeds and I haven't even been outside. When I send you the four canvases of the garden I am working on, you will se that, considering my life is spent mostly in the garden, it is not so unhappy." (Letter 592, May 22, 1889). Van Gogh's style distanced itself from that of Gauguin, changing from the planar style developed under Gauguin's influence to a gradual return to van Gogh's own native use of rough brush work. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no.85)

Provenance

P. F. Gachet, Auvers-sur-Oise, from 1890 to 1909; P. Gachet, Auvers-sur-Oise; Galerie Paul Rosenberg, Paris; Kojiro Matsukata; Sequestered by the French Government, 1944; Returned to Japan, 1959.

Exhibition History

1923
Peintres français des XIXe et XXe siècles, Praha, 1923 - 1923, cat. no. 191
1924
Exposition d'art français, San Francisco, 1924 - 1925, cat. no. 198
1960
The Masterpieces of the Ex-Matsukata Collection, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 May 1960 - 10 July 1960, cat. no. 137, repr.
1965
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishikawa Prefectural Museum of Art, Kanazawa, 22 September 1965 - 10 October 1965, cat. no. 26
1965
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Okayama Prefecture, Okayama, 20 October 1965 - 7 November 1965, cat. no. 26
1966
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Wakayama Prefectural Museum of Art, Wakayama, 15 October 1966 - 4 November 1966, cat. no. 21
1966
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Oita Prefecture, Oita, 12 November 1966 - 27 November 1966, cat. no. 21
1967
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Kagoshima Municipal Museum of Art, 28 April 1967 - 21 May 1967, cat. no. 21
1968
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Niigata Prefectural Museum, Niigata, 14 July 1968 - 4 August 1968, cat. no. 27
1968
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Hiroshima Prefectural Museum of Art, Hiroshima, 26 October 1968 - 17 November 1968, cat. no. 27
1969
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Ibaraki Prefecture, Mito, 22 November 1969 - 21 December 1969, cat. no. 26
1970
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, Nagasaki Prefectural Museum, Nagasaki, 18 October 1970 - 15 November 1970, cat. no. 29
1971
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Toyama Prefectural Center, Museum of Art, Toyama, 2 October 1971 - 24 October 1971, cat. no. 26
1972
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Shinano Museum of Art of Nagano Prefecture, Nagano, 12 October 1972 - 5 November 1972, cat. no. 28
1973
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Kochi Prefecture, Kochi, 28 October 1973 - 25 November 1973, cat. no. 30
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Fukuoka Prefecture, Fukuoka, 13 October 1974 - 10 November 1974, cat. no. 29
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Saga Prefectural Museum, Saga, 16 November 1974 - 1 December 1974, cat. no. 29
1975
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Yamagata Museum, Yamagata, 1 November 1975 - 30 November 1975, cat. no. 29
1976
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Tottori Prefectural Museum, Tottori, 9 October 1976 - 7 November 1976, cat. no. 28
1977
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nara Prefectural Museum, Nara, 15 October 1977 - 13 November 1977, cat. no. 24
1978
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces from the National Museum of Western Art, The Art Center of Oita Prefecture, Oita, 20 December 1978 - 31 January 1979, cat. no. 19
1985
Vincent Van Gogh, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 12 October 1985 - 8 December 1985, Nagoya-City Museum, 19 December 1985 - 2 February 1986, cat. no. 81, col. repr.
1988
Paintings by French Artists from the late 19th to early 20th Century in Japanese Collections, The State Puskin Museum, Moscow, 12 January 1988 - 10 February 1988, The State Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, 16 February-24 March, cat. no. 5
1989
The Old Matsukata Collection, Kobe City Museum, 14 September 1989 - 26 November 1989, cat. no. 49, col. repr.
1995
[Tour Exhibition] Painting: Tradition and Innovation, Yatsushiro Municipal Museum, 14 January 1995 - 5 February 1995, cat. no. 25
1995
[Tour Exhibition] Painting: Tradition and Innovation, Hyogo Prefectural Museum of History, Himeji; Himeji City Museum of Art, 11 February 1995 - 12 March 1995, cat. no. 25
1996
The Crossing Visions: European and Modern Japanese Art from the Collections of The National Museum of Western Art & The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 20 July 1996 - 8 September 1996, cat. no. 93
2000
Tanka at the National Museum of Western Art: An Encounter between Poet and Art, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 25 July 2000 - 29 October 2000, cat. no. 44
2003
L'oro e l'azzurro, I colori del Sud da Cézanne a Bonnard, Casa dei Crraresi, 11 October 2003 - 7 March 2004, cat. no. 26, col. repr.
2007
Gods and Nature: The Essence of European Art from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Himeji City Museum of Art, 4 November 2007 - 2 December 2007, cat. no. 20
2007
Gods and Nature: The Essence of European Art from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Matsumoto City Museum of Art, 11 December 2007 - 3 February 2008, cat. no. 20
2012
Van Gogh: Up Close, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, 1 February 2012 - 6 May 2012, Philadelphia Museum of Art, 25 May - 3 September 2012, cat. no. 2, col. repr.
2013
Monet, An Eye for Landscapes: Innovation in 19th Century French Landscape Paintings, Pola Museum of Art, 13 July 2013 - 24 November 2013, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 7 December 2013-9 March 2014, cat. no. 35, col. repr.

Bibliography

1928
La Faille, J.-B. de. L'œuvre de Vincent van Gogh, catalogue raisonné. Paris/Brussel, 1928, tome 1, p. 164, cat. no. 580, tome 2, pl. 160, no. 580.
1937
Scherjon, W.; Gruyter, J. de. Vincent van Gogh's Great Period: Arles, St. Rémy and Auvers-sur-Oise. Amsterdam, 1937, no. 29.
1955
La Collection Matsukata, Tokyo, Asahi- Shimbun, 1955 (Japanese), no. 48, repr.
1959
Mizue: Tokushu Matsukata Korekushon no Kaiga. no. 651, Tokyo, Bijutsu Shuppansha, July 1959 (Japanese), n. p. repr.
1961
Catalogue du Musée National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1961 (Préface and Catalogue Général in Japanese and French), P-299.
1970
La Faille, J.-B. de. The works of Vincent van Gogh, His Paintings and Drawings. Amsterdam/London, 1970, p. 241, cat. no. F. 580, repr.
1971
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1971 (Japanese), no. 98, repr.
1971
Lecaldano, P. L'opera pittorica completa di Van Gogh. vol. 2, Milano, 1971, cat. no. 498, repr.
1975
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1975 (Japanese), no. 55, repr.
1978
Hulsker, J. Van Gogh en zijn weg. Amsterdam, 1978, p. 387, no. 1679, repr.
1978
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1978 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 61, repr.
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of Paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 134, repr.
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. 721.
1996
Hulsker, Jan. The New Complete Van Gogh: Paintings, Drawings, Sketches: Revised and Enlarged Edition of the Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of Vincent van Gogh. Amsterdam, J.M. Meulenhoff, c1996, pp. 386-387, cat. no. 1679.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 107, col. repr.

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