The National Museum of Western Art

update 15 December 2017

on display Permanent Collection

Pierre-Auguste Renoir [Limoges, 1841 - Cagnes-sur-Mer, 1919]

Parisiennes in Algerian Costume or Harem

Date1872
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)156 x 128.8
InscriptionsSigned and dated lower left: A. Renoir. 1872.
Credit LineMatsukata Collection
Standard ref.Daulte 84; Fezzi 73; Dauberville 576
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1959-0182
Parisiennes in Algerian Costume or Harem

This is quintessential early Renoir. Although the painting purports to show a harem (the female quarters in a Muslim household), complete with alluring women, it is an imagined scene projected onto a room in Paris. Renoir had not yet visited North Africa and been directly exposed to Islamic culture, the painting’s Orientalism, expressed in the elaborately decorated carpet and furnishings and flamboyantly dressed Parisian models, follows such works as Delacroix’s Women of Algiers in their Apartment. The lush colors and brushwork we will come to associate with Renoir are already on display. (Source: Gallery label, October 2016)

Provenance

Eugène Murer, Paris; E. Fasquelle, Paris (dès avant 1912); Bernheim-Jeune, Paris (acheté à Eugène Fasquelle, 4 October 1913); Bernheim-Jeune fils (acheté à Bernheim-Jeune, 26 January 1914); Durand-Ruel, Paris (acheté à Bernheim-Jeune fils, 31 Dec. 1921); Kojiro Matsukata (acheté à Durand-Ruel, 31 December 1921(?)); Sequestered by the French Government, 1944; Returned to Japan, 1959.

Exhibition History

1913
Renoir, Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris, 1913 - 1913, cat. no. 5, repr.
1914
Art français, Grosvenor House, London, 1914 - 1914, cat. no. 7
1947
Palais des Beaux-Arts, De David à Cézanne, Brussel, 1947 - 1948, cat. no. 117, pl. 62
1948
Gli impressionisti alla XXIV Biennale di Venezia, Venezia, 1948 - 1948, cat. no. 50, pl. 51
1950
De Manet a nuestros días, Caracas, 1950 - 1950, cat. no. 10
1952
Renoir, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Lyon, 1952 - 1952, cat. no. 3, fig. 2
1952
Renoir, Galerie des Ponchettes, Nice, 1952 - 1952, cat. no. 4, repr.
1955
Capolavori dell'Ottocento francese, Palazzo Strozzi, Firenze, 1955 - 1955, cat. no. 89, fig. 71
1960
The Masterpieces of the Ex-Matsukata Collection, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 May 1960 - 10 July 1960, cat. no. 110, repr.
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Art Gallery of Aichi Prefecture, Nagoya, 17 November 1962 - 9 December 1962, cat. no. 46 (当館記録による)
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Hakutsuru Museum, Kobe, 20 October 1962 - 5 November 1962, P-250
1979
French Paintings at the End of the 19th Century and the Beginning of the 20th Century in Japanese Collections, Hermitage, Leningrad, 1979 - 1979, Vilnius Museum, Vilnius; Pushkin Museum, Moscow, 1979, cat. no. 43, col. repr.
1979
Renoir, Isetan Museum of Art, Tokyo, 26 September 1979 - 6 November 1979, cat. no. 9bis, repr.
1985
Renoir, Hayward Gallery, London, 30 January 1985 - 21 April 1985, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris, 14 May-2 September, cat. no. 19, col. repr.
1988
Renoir Retrospective, Nagoya City Art Museum, 15 October 1988 - 11 December 1988, cat. no. 4, col. repr.
1989
The Old Matsukata Collection, Kobe City Museum, 14 September 1989 - 26 November 1989, cat. no. 38, col. repr.
1994
Paris en 1874: L'Année de l'Impressionnisme (Paris in 1874: The Year of Impressionism), National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 20 September 1994 - 27 November 1994, cat. no. 82
1996
The Crossing Visions: European and Modern Japanese Art from the Collections of The National Museum of Western Art & The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 20 July 1996 - 8 September 1996, cat. no. 27
2000
Tanka at the National Museum of Western Art: An Encounter between Poet and Art, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 25 July 2000 - 29 October 2000, cat. no. 33
2014
The Rings from The Hashimoto Collection of The National Museum of Western Art, The National Museum of Western Art, 8 July 2014 - 15 September 2014, cat. no. 249

Bibliography

1912
Meier-Graefe, J. Auguste Renoir. Paris, H. Floury, 1912, pp.21-22, repr. p. 23.
1913
Mirebeau, Octave. Renoir. Paris, Bernheim-Jeune, 1913, p. 56, repr. n.p.
1918
Ambroise Vollard. Tableaux, Pastels & Dessins de Pierre-Auguste Renoir. vol. 1, Paris, 1918, p. 94, no. 376, repr. (rprt. Paris, A.C. Mazos, 1954. Eng. trans. Pierre-Auguste Renoir : Paintings, Pastels and Drawings. San Francisco, Alan Wofsy Fine Arts ,1989)
1920
Blanche, Jacques-Emile. Quatre-vingt ans de peinture libre, 1800-1885. Paris, Bernheim-Jeune, 1920, no. 24.
1921
Rivière, Georges. Renoir et ses amis. Paris, H. Floury, 1921, repr. p. 12.
1922
Tabarant. La collection Matsukata. Bulletin de la Vie Artistique. Paris, Bernheim-Jeune, 15 December 1922, repr. p. 566.
1923
Jamot, Paul. Renoir. Gazette des Beaux-Arts. ser. 5, tome 8, 1923, pp. 262, 265, repr. p. 263.
1924
Duret, Théodore. Renoir. Paris, Bernheim-Jeune, 1924, no. 4, repr.
1929
Meier-Graefe, Julius. Renoir. Leipzig, Klinkhardt & Biermann, 1929, p. 47, no. 31 repr.
1931
Rey, R. La Renaissance du sentiment classique dans la peinture française à la fin du XIXe siècle. Paris, 1931, pl. 10
1939
Venturi, L. Les archives de l'impressionnisme, vol. I. Paris, 1939, p. 32.
1944
Drucker, Michel. Renoir. Paris, Pierre Tisné, 1944, pl. 20.
1955
Drucker, Michel. Renoir. Paris, Pierre Tisné,1955, pl. 17.
1955
La Collection Matsukata, Tokyo, Asahi- Shimbun, 1955 (Japanese), no. 18, col. repr.
1955
Rewald. John. Histoire de l'impressionnisme. Goldet-Bouwens, Nancy, trans. vol. 1, Paris, Albin Michel, 1955, (Le livre de poche, collection histoire de l'art), pp. 324-325.
1956
Gachet, P. Deux amis des impressionnistes, le Docteur Gachet et Murer. Paris, 1956, pp. 171, 172.
1959
Cooper, Douglas. Renoir, Lise and the Le Cœur family: A study of Renoir's early development, I. Lise. The Burlington Magazine. vol. 101, no. 674, 1959, p. 166, fig. 7.
1961
Rewald, John. The history of impressionism. New York, Museum of Modern Art, 1961, p. 272.
1961
Catalogue du Musée National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1961 (Préface and Catalogue Général in Japanese and French), P-250.
1964
Perruchot, Henri. La vie de Renoir. Paris, Hachette, 1964, pp. 79, 83.
1971
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1971 (Japanese), no. 67, col. repr.
1971
Daulte, François. Auguste Renoir, catalogue raisonné de l'œuvre peint, I, figures, 1860-1890. Lausanne, 1971, no. 84, repr.
1972
Fezzi, Elda. L'opera completa di Renoir: nel periodo impressionista 1869-1883. Milano, 1972, no. 73, repr. (French ver. Tout l'œuvre peint de Renoir: Période Impressionniste 1869-1883. Paris, Flammarion, 1985, Les Classiques de l'art. pl. IX, no. 71, repr. )
1972
Daulte, François. Renoir. Milano, 1972, p. 76, repr.
1975
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1975 (Japanese), no.41, col. repr.
1978
Callen, A. Renoir. London, 1978, no, 17, repr.
1978
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1978 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 48, col. repr.
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of Paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 234, repr.
1985
Denis Rouart. Renoir. Paris, Nathan, 1985, p.22.
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. 1260.
1996
Kitazaki, Chikashi. Renoir's Harem: On the title of Parisiennes déguisées en algériennes. Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. Nos. 27-28 (April 1992-March 1994), 1996, pp. 51-57, repr.
2003
Renoir and Algeria (exh. cat.). Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute, Williamstown, Massachusetts, 16 February - 11 May 2003, Dallas Museum of Art, 8 June - 31 August 2003, Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, 6 October 2003 - 18 January 2004, pp. 16, 29-33, 149, repr.
2007
Dauberville, Guy-Patrice; Dauberville, Michel. Renoir: catalogue raisonné des tableaux, pastels, dessins et aquarelles. Paris, Bernheim-Jeune, 2007, vol. 1, pp. 554-555, cat. no. 576.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 90, col. repr.

Page top