The National Museum of Western Art

update 15 December 2017

on display Permanent Collection

Camille Pissarro [Saint Thomas, 1830 - Paris, 1903]

Conversation

Datec. 1881
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)65.3 x 54
InscriptionsSigned lower left: C. Pissarro.
Credit LineMatsukata Collection
Standard ref.Pissarro/Venturi 544; Pissarro/Snollaerts 658
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1959-0165
Conversation

The late 1870s to the 1880s were a major turning point in the careers of Pissarro and the other Impressionists. This change was symbolized by Monet, Renoir and Sisley's absence from the 6th Impressionists Exhibition held in 1881, and from this time onwards the Impressionists each struck out on their own path. Pissarro also made some new attempts to find a way out of this impasse amidst these circumstances in the late 1870s. These experiments included his work with prints, his experiments with a new genre, and his research into new techniques in concert with such younger artists as Gauguin, Seurat and Signac. We can find evidence of these changes in this Conversation. Here we can spot the technical precursor to Pissarro's experiments with Seurat's pointillist techniques in the later 1880s. In terms of subject matter, Pissarro here changes his focus to figures, a shift from his earlier emphasis on the landscape. This work was exhibited in the 7th Impressionist Exhibition of 1882. Of the 36 works that Pissarro displayed in that exhibition, 27 of them, as here, portray the figural forms of the farmers around Pontoise. Pissarro's works avoid Millet's dramatically idealized images of farmers, concentrating rather on an unexaggerated depiction of farmers in their everyday surroundings. It is for this reason that Pissarro's farmers exhibit a greater validity and familiarity than that found in Millet. In addition, the unifying touch that creates all, whether figure, road, or tree, conveys a sense of the close bond between Pissarro's peasants and nature. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no.80)

Provenance

Bought by Durand-Ruel from the artist, 4 August 1881; Sold by Durand-Ruel to Erwin Davis, New York, 10 April 1888; Bought back by Durand-Ruel NY from Erwin Davis, 14 April 1899; Sold by Durand-Ruel to Paul Rosenberg, 10 January 1918; Kojiro Matsukata; Sequestered by the French Government, 1944; Returned to Japan, 1959.

Exhibition History

1882
7e Exposition des artistes indépendants (Salons du Panorama de Reichs-hoffen), Paris, 1882 - 1882, cat. no. 123
1883
Œuvres de C. Pissarro, (Paris, 9, Boulevard de la Madeleine), 1 May 1883 - 25 May 1883, cat. no. 46
1917
Französische Kunst des XIX. und XX. Jahrhunderts, Kunsthaus, Zürich, 5 October 1917 - 14 November 1917, cat. no. 150
1924
XIVa Esposizione internazionale d'arte della città di Venezia, 1924 - 1924, cat. no. 285 bis
1947
De David à Cézanne, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussel, 1947 - 1947, cat. no. 106
1949
Pintura francesa: de Manet a nuestros días, Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, Buenos Aires, 1949 - 1949, ; Ministerio de Educaçao e Saude, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, October 1949; Museo de Bellas Artes, Montevideo, July 1950, cat. no. 7
1953
Van Gogh's grote tijdgenoten, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, 1953 - 1953, cat. no. 42
1955
Mostra di capolavori della pittura francese dell'ottocento, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Rome, 1955 - 1955, cat. no. 85
1956
Peinture française du XIXe siècle, Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, 1956 - 1956, The State Hermitage Museum, Leningrad, 1956, cat. no.48
1956
Peinture française de David à Cézanne, National Museum, Warsaw, 15 June 1956 - 31 July 1956, cat. no. 80
1960
The Masterpieces of the Ex-Matsukata Collection, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 May 1960 - 10 July 1960, cat. no. 102
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Hakutsuru Museum, Kobe, 20 October 1962 - 5 November 1962, P-228
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Art Gallery of Aichi Prefecture, Nagoya, 17 November 1962 - 9 December 1962, cat. no. 43 (当館記録による)
1963
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishibashi Museum of Art, Kurume, 26 October 1963 - 10 November 1963, P-228
1963
The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Shimane Prefectural Museum, Matsue, 5 October 1963 - 20 October 1963, P-228
1964
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nakajima Sports Center of Hokkaido Prefecture, 22 August 1964 - 13 September 1964, cat. no. 16
1965
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishikawa Prefectural Museum of Art, Kanazawa, 22 September 1965 - 10 October 1965, cat. no. 13
1965
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Okayama Prefecture, Okayama, 20 October 1965 - 7 November 1965, cat. no. 13
1966
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Wakayama Prefectural Museum of Art, Wakayama, 15 October 1966 - 4 November 1966, cat. no. 10
1966
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Oita Prefecture, Oita, 12 November 1966 - 27 November 1966, cat. no. 10
1967
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Kagoshima Municipal Museum of Art, 28 April 1967 - 21 May 1967, cat. no. 11
1968
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Hiroshima Prefectural Museum of Art, Hiroshima, 26 October 1968 - 17 November 1968, cat. no. 13
1968
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Niigata Prefectural Museum, Niigata, 14 July 1968 - 4 August 1968, cat. no. 13
1969
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Ibaraki Prefecture, Mito, 22 November 1969 - 21 December 1969, cat. no. 13
1970
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, Nagasaki Prefectural Museum, Nagasaki, 18 October 1970 - 15 November 1970, cat. no. 46
1971
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Toyama Prefectural Center, Museum of Art, Toyama, 2 October 1971 - 24 October 1971, cat. no. 43
1972
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Shinano Museum of Art of Nagano Prefecture, Nagano, 12 October 1972 - 5 November 1972, cat. no. 46
1973
Modern Japanese Art and Paris, The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 15 September 1973 - 4 November 1973, The National Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto, 10 November 1973 – 16 December 1973, cat. no. 29
1973
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Kochi Prefecture, Kochi, 28 October 1973 - 25 November 1973, cat. no. 47
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Fukuoka Prefecture, Fukuoka, 13 October 1974 - 10 November 1974, cat. no. 46
1974
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Saga Prefectural Museum, Saga, 16 November 1974 - 1 December 1974, cat. no. 46
1975
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Yamagata Museum, Yamagata, 1 November 1975 - 30 November 1975, cat. no. 47
1976
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Tottori Prefectural Museum, Tottori, 9 October 1976 - 7 November 1976, cat. no. 15
1977
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nara Prefectural Museum, Nara, 15 October 1977 - 13 November 1977, cat. no. 15
1978
[Tour Exhibition] Masterpieces from the National Museum of Western Art, The Art Center of Oita Prefecture, Oita, 20 December 1978 - 31 January 1979, cat. no. 14
1988
Permanent exhibition, Ohara Museum of Art, 8 September 1988 - 9 December 1988
1989
The Old Matsukata Collection, Kobe City Museum, 14 September 1989 - 26 November 1989, cat. no. 28, col. repr.
1995
[Tour Exhibition] Painting: Tradition and Innovation, Yatsushiro Municipal Museum, 14 January 1995 - 5 February 1995, cat. no. 19
1995
[Tour Exhibition] Painting: Tradition and Innovation, Hyogo Prefectural Museum of History, Himeji; Himeji City Museum of Art, 11 February 1995 - 12 March 1995, cat. no. 19
1996
The Crossing Visions: European and Modern Japanese Art from the Collections of The National Museum of Western Art & The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 20 July 1996 - 8 September 1996, cat. no. 35
2000
Tanka at the National Museum of Western Art: An Encounter between Poet and Art, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 25 July 2000 - 29 October 2000, cat. no. 36
2009
Le peinture française du XIXe siècle : académisme et modernité, Shimane Art Museum, 6 March 2009 - 31 May 2009, cat. no. 66, col. repr.
2012
Camille Pissarro: Patriarche de la modernité, Utsunomiya Museum of Art, 24 March 2012 - 27 May 2012, cat. no. 33, col. repr., Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art, 6 June 2012 - 18 August 2012
2013
Monet, An Eye for Landscapes: Innovation in 19th Century French Landscape Paintings, Pola Museum of Art, 13 July 2013 - 24 November 2013, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 7 December 2013-9 March 2014, cat. no. 28, col. repr.

Bibliography

1939
Pissarro, L. R.; Venturi, L. Camille Pissarro, son art- son œuvre. Paris, 1939 , p. 157, no. 544, pl. 112.
1955
La Collection Matsukata, Tokyo, Asahi- Shimbun, 1955 (Japanese), no.12, col. repr.
1961
Catalogue du Musée National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1961 (Préface and Catalogue Général in Japanese and French), P-228.
1971
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1971 (Japanese), no. 63, col. repr.
1975
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1975 (Japanese), no. 46, col. repr.
1978
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1978 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no.53, col. repr.
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of Paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 216, repr.
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. 1203.
1996
Berson, Ruth, The New Painting: Impressionism, 1874-1886, vol. 2, pp. 209, 228, cat. no. VII-123, repr.
2005
Pissarro, Joachim; Snollaerts, Claire Durand-Ruel. Pissarro: critical catalogue of paintings. Milan, Skira; Paris, Wildenstein Institute, 2005, vol. 2, p. 440, cat. no. 658, repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 92, col. repr.

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