The National Museum of Western Art

update 21 February 2018

on display Permanent Collection

Paul Gauguin [Paris, 1848 - Atuona, Hiva'Oa, Marquesas Islands, 1903]

Landscape of Brittany

Date1888
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)89.3 x 116.6
InscriptionsSigned and dated lower left: 88. P Gauguin
Credit LineMatsukata Collection
Standard ref.Wildenstein 256; D. Wildenstein 265
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1959-0105
Landscape of Brittany

Brittany, the region of northwestern France bound by the English Channel and the Atlantic Ocean, has preserved a culture distinct from that of France and has fostered a simple, artless lifestyle. Gauguin visited Pont-Aven in Brittany in 1886, and lived in that area off and on until 1890. He used the undulating landscapes and artless genre scenes of the region in his pursuit of distinctive individualistic compositions. This work from the first half of his stay in Brittany represents a transitional stage from the Impressionist style to his own more planar forms. While the palette is subdued and the touch resembles that of the Impressionists, each form of the separate objects is expressed in large color blocks edged by outlines, clearly foreshadowing the style that would emerge in the latter half of Gauguin's stay in Brittany. It is thought that this work was created in the fall of 1888 just before he set out on a trip to visit van Gogh in Arles. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no.86)

Provenance

Galerie Druet, Paris, stock. no. 4570, Druet-Vizzavona photo. no. 2785; Kojiro Matsukata; Sequestered by the French Government, 1944; Returned to Japan, 1959.

Exhibition History

1947
Les origines de l'art contemporain, Strasbourg, 1947 - 1947, Nancy; Besançon,1947, cat. no. 60
1949
Landscape in French art, Royal Academy of Arts, London, 1949 - 1950, cat. no. 290
1949
Gauguin, Orangerie, Paris, 1949 - 1949, cat. no. 9
1950
Gauguin et le groupe de Pont-Aven, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Quimper, 1950 - 1950, cat. no. 4
1958
Paysages de France, Musée de Rouen, 1958 - 1958, cat. no. 77
1960
The Masterpieces of the Ex-Matsukata Collection, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 May 1960 - 10 July 1960, cat. no. 43
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Hakutsuru Museum, Kobe, 20 October 1962 - 5 November 1962, P-154
1962
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Art Gallery of Aichi Prefecture, Nagoya, 17 November 1962 - 9 December 1962, cat. no. 27 (当館記録による)
1963
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishibashi Museum of Art, Kurume, 26 October 1963 - 10 November 1963, P-154
1963
The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Shimane Prefectural Museum, Matsue, 5 October 1963 - 20 October 1963, P-154
1964
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nakajima Sports Center of Hokkaido Prefecture, 22 August 1964 - 13 September 1964, cat. no. 33
1965
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Cultural Center of Okayama Prefecture, Okayama, 20 October 1965 - 7 November 1965, cat. no. 27
1965
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Ishikawa Prefectural Museum of Art, Kanazawa, 22 September 1965 - 10 October 1965, cat. no. 27
1975
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Yamagata Museum, Yamagata, 1 November 1975 - 30 November 1975, cat. no. 27
1977
[Tour Exhibition] The Matsukata Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, The Nara Prefectural Museum, Nara, 15 October 1977 - 13 November 1977, cat. no. 25
1978
European Landscape Painting, Yamanashi Prefectural Museum of Art, Kofu, 3 November 1978 - 15 January 1979, cat. no. 80
1978
European Landscape Painting, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 September 1978 - 26 October 1978, cat. no. 84, repr.
1985
Le chemin de Gauguin: genése et rayonnement, Musée départemental du prieuré, Saint-Germain-en-Laye , 7 October 1985 - 2 March 1986, 3rd ed. cat. no. 414, col. repr.
1987
Paul Gauguin, The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 6 March 1987 - 17 May 1987, Aichi Prefectural Art Gallery, 12-28 June, cat. no. 24, col. repr.
1988
The Art of Paul Gauguin, National Gallery of Art, Washignton, 1 May 1988 - 31 July 1988, The Art Institute of Chicago, 17 september-20 April, cat. no. 42, col. repr.
2000
Tanka at the National Museum of Western Art: An Encounter between Poet and Art, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 25 July 2000 - 29 October 2000, cat. no. 45

Bibliography

1920
Morice, Ch. Paul Gauguin. Paris, 1920, p. 156 bis, repr.
1925
Rotonchamp, J. de. Paul Gauguin: 1848-1903. Paris, 1925, p. 30 bis, repr.
1948
René-Jean. Gauguin. Paris, 1948, repr.
1950
Dovski, L. van. Gauguin. Bern, 1950, p. 343.
1952
Huyghe, R. Le carnet de Paul Gauguin. Paris, 1952, p. 72.
1955
La Collection Matsukata, Tokyo, Asahi- Shimbun, 1955 (Japanese), no. 24, col. repr.
1961
Catalogue du Musée National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1961 (Préface and Catalogue Général in Japanese and French), P-154.
1961
Rewald, J. Le post-impressionnisme. Paris, 1961, p. 120.
1961
Cogniat, R.; Rewald, J. Paul Gauguin, carnet de croquis, 1961, pp. 21-22.
1964
Wildenstein, G. Gauguin. 1, catalogue, Paris, 1964, pp. 95-96, no. 256, repr.
1971
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1971 (Japanese), no. 33, repr.
1975
Les cent chefs-d'œuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1975 (Japanese), no. 52, repr.
1978
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1978 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 58, repr.
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of Paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 128, repr.
1986
Dorival, Bernard. "Le milieu". Gauguin. Paris, Société nouvelle des Éd. du Chêne, 1986(Génies et réalités, 1st ed., Paris, 1961), pp. 49-50.
1989
Merlhès, Victor. Paul Gauguin et Vincent Van Gogh: 1887-1888: Lettres Retrouvées, Sources Ignorées. Papeete, Tahiti, Polynésie française, 1989, p. 63, note 1.
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. 702.
1993
Jirat-Wasiutyński, Vojtěch. Paul Gauguin in the Context of Symbolism. Microfilm rep. ed., Ann Arbor, MI, 1993, (New York/ London, Princeton University, 1975, Dissertation), p. 127.
2002
Wildenstein, Daniel. Gauguin: A savage in the Making: Catalogue Raisonné of the Paintings, 1873-1888. Milan, Skira; Paris, Wildenstein Institute, 2002, vol. 2, pp. 372-374, no. 265, repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 105, col. repr.

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