The National Museum of Western Art

update 31 January 2018

Currently not on display

Paul Gauguin [Paris, 1848 - Atuona, Hiva'Oa, Marquesas Islands, 1903]

Women Bathing

Date1885
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)38.1 x 46.2
InscriptionsSigned and dated lower left: P. Gauguin 85
Credit LineMatsukata Collection
Standard ref.Wildenstein 167; D. Wildenstein 179
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1959-0104
Women Bathing

This work was painted while Gauguin lived in Dieppe on the coast of the English Channel. Exhibited at the 8th Impressionist Exhibition of 1886, the work with its composition based on a horizontal band and its simplified figures and its thick outlines was critical for Gauguin as he distanced himself from Impressionism. (Source: The Digital Gallery. 1999-2006)

Provenance

Boussod, Valadon et Cie, Paris, 26. 12. 1887; Dupuy, 28. 12. 1887; Galerie Druet, stock no. 7419, photo no. 4473; Kojiro Matsukata; Sequestered by the French Government, 1944; Returned to Japan, 1959.

Exhibition History

1886
8e Exposition des impressionnistes, Paris, 1886 - 1886, no. 53
1888
Gauguin, Boussod, Valadon et Cie, Paris, 1888 - 1888
1923
Gauguin, Galerie Druet, Paris, 1923 - 1923, no. 5
1982
Exposition spéciale pour l'ouverture du Musée des Beaux-Arts, Gifu : Paris autour de 1882 : Le Développemėnt de la peinture moderne en France et Hôsui Yamamoto, The Museum of Fine Arts, Gifu, 3 November 1982 - 19 December 1982, cat. no. 74, repr.
1983
1880 nendai no Parigadan Ten, The Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura, 15 January 1983 - 20 February 1983, cat. no. 65, repr.
1986
The New Painting: Impressionism 1874-1886, The National Gallery of Art, Washington, 17 January 1986 - 6 April 1986, The Fine Arts Museum of San Francisco, M. H. de Young Memorial Museum, 19 April 1986 - 6 July 1986, cat. no. 145, col. repr.
1987
Paul Gauguin, The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 6 March 1987 - 17 May 1987, Aichi Prefectural Art Gallery, 12-28 June, cat. no. 11, col. repr.
1989
The French Modern Painting, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Miyakonojo City Museum, 15 April 1989 - 14 May 1989, cat. no. 11, repr.
1990
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Cultural Center of Toyota City, 19 May 1990 - 3 June 1990, cat. no. 12
1990
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Cultural Center of Kagawa Prefecture, Takamatsu, 28 April 1990 - 13 May 1990, cat. no. 12
1990
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Ibara Municipal Denchu Art Museum, 10 April 1990 - 23 April 1990, cat. no. 12
1991
[Tour Exhibition] The French Modern Art, from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Hachinohe City Museum of Art, 28 September 1991 - 27 October 1991, cat. no. 10
1993
Tournant de la peinture―entre la seconde moitié des années 1880 et les années 1890 théories artistiques et peinture française : Exposition commémorant les dix ans d'activité du Museum of Fine Arts, Gifu, The Museum of Fine Arts, Gifu, 4 February 1993 - 21 March 1993, The Museum of Modern Art, Gunma, 10 April-16 May 1993, cat. no. 13, col. repr.
1997
Expressiveness of Materials, National Museum of Art, Osaka, 17 April 1997 - 22 June 1997, cat. no. 32
2009
Gauguin: Where Do We Come from? What Are We? Where Are We Going?, Nagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts, 18 April 2009 - 21 June 2009, cat. no. 3, col. repr.
2009
Paul Gauguin, The National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, 3 July 2009 - 23 September 2009, cat. no. 2, col. repr.
2012
[Traveling Exhibitions presenting National Art Museum Collections, Fiscal 2012] Modern European Art: From the Collection of the National Museum of Western Art, Ibara Municipal Denchu Art Museum (Okayama), 5 October 2012 - 25 November 2012, 16
2013
Monet, An Eye for Landscapes: Innovation in 19th Century French Landscape Paintings, Pola Museum of Art, 13 July 2013 - 24 November 2013, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 7 December 2013-9 March 2014, cat. no. 52, col. repr.

Bibliography

1888
Fénéon, F. Calendrier. Revue Indépendante, 15. 1. 1888, p. 170.
1955
La Collection Matsukata, Tokyo, Asahi- Shimbun, 1955 (Japanese), no. 47, repr.
1955
Dorra, Henri. Emile Bernard and Paul Gauguin. Gazette des Beaux-Arts. vol. 45, 1955, pp. 227-246, repr.
1961
Catalogue du Musée National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1961 (Préface and Catalogue Général in Japanese and French), P-153.
1964
Wildenstein, G. Gauguin. 1, catalogue, Paris, 1964, p. 62, no. 167, repr. (as "Baigneuses à Dieppe")
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of Paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 127, repr.
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. 701.
2002
Wildenstein, Daniel. Gauguin: a savage in the making: catalogue raisonné of the paintings, 1873-1888. Milan, Skira; Paris, Wildenstein Institute, 2002, vol. 1, pp. 217-218, no. 179, repr.

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