更新日 2017.02.28 | 28 February 2017

現在は展示していません

ティツィアーノ・ヴェチェッリオと工房 [ピエーヴェ・ディ・カドーレ, 1485/90 (?) 年頃 - ヴェネツィア, 1576年]

洗礼者聖ヨハネの首を持つサロメ

制作年1560–70年頃
材質・技法・形状油彩、カンヴァス
寸法(cm)90 x 83.3
Standard ref.Humfrey 256
分類絵画
所蔵番号P.2011-0002
洗礼者聖ヨハネの首を持つサロメ Salome with the Head of John the Baptist

作品解説

ティツィアーノ・ヴェチェッリオ(1485/90年~1576年)はイタリア・ルネサンスを代表する画家のひとりです。その作品は後の画家にとっては模範であり続け、また王室や美術館のコレクションでは特に大切にされてきました。  この作品は、晩年の画家が制作したものです。主題は新約聖書に物語られる、洗礼者聖ヨハネとサロメのエピソードから採られています。ある日サロメは父ヘロデ王の宴会で踊りを披露します。それがあまりに見事だったため、ヘロデは何でも望むものを与えると約束したところ、彼女は憎んでいたヨハネの首を所望しました。絵にはこちらを見下ろしてヨハネの首を差し出すサロメが描かれています。ティツィアーノはその色彩の美しさによって賞賛されましたが、ここでもその美質はいかんなく発揮されています。とりわけサロメの衣服や真珠のネックレス、たすき掛けにされた宝石や左肩の留め金具には目を奪われます。  ティツィアーノは生涯を通じてほとんどヴェネツィアを離れることはありませんでしたが、その作品はローマ教皇や神聖ローマ皇帝をはじめとするヨーロッパ各地の上流階級に求められました。注文が殺到したために彼の作品を手に入れるのは至難の業だったようです。大きな需要に応えるため、画家はやがて大規模な工房を組織して注文をさばくシステムを作ります。この作品についても、おそらく工房が関わっているだろうと思われます。というのも、同じ構図の作品がいくつか知られているからです。原型となる構図をもとにして工房がある程度まで描き、最終的にティツィアーノが仕上げをしたと考えられますが、ティツィアーノは相当な部分に手を入れているようです。X線写真を見ると、サロメの右腕や侍女の首は当初は布で覆われていたことが分かりますが、通常工房作ではこれほど大胆な描き直しはしないからです。また、サロメの服や装飾の描き方は大変優れていて、ティツィアーノの手を認めるのが妥当です。  この作品はカンヴァス裏に残る王冠と「CR」の文字から、かつてイギリス国王チャールズ1世のコレクションにあったことが分かります。清教徒革命によって1649年に彼が処刑された後は、クロムウェルの指示で国民評議会の装飾として利用されました。おそらくクロムウェルは画中の女性を旧約聖書のヒロインで敵の猛将ホロフェルネスの首を切ったユディトと勘違いし、チャールズ1世を斬首した自分と重ね合わせたのでしょう。激動の歴史に立ち会ったことも、この絵の興味深い点です。 (出典: ゼフュロス: 国立西洋美術館ニュース, 第52号, 2012年. pp. 1-2)

来歴

King Charles I of England (1600-1649), Hampton Court, by 1649; Intended for the Commonwealth sale 1649-51, but reserved for Oliver Cromwell and probably thereafter kept at Hampton Court or Whitehall; Recovered after the Restoration in 1660 for Charles II of England (1630-1685) and certainly at Whitehall by 1666; In the collection of William III, King of England, at Kensington Palace by 1697; In the Queen's Gallery at Windsor Castle by circa 1705-10; In the Great Drawing Room, Kensington Palace by 1732 and within the Royal collection until some time after 1736 (but not recorded in a 1785-90 inventory); Col. W. Pollok-Morris C.M.G., D.S.O. (1867–1936) of Craig, Kilmarnock, Scotland, by 1913 and recorded in an inventory of his belongings at Craig drawn up in July 1928; By descent to Mrs Ellison J. Dickson, Knowlton, Ayr, Scotland, by whom loaned to The National Trust, Culzean Castle, Ayrshire by 1965, and recorded in an inventory of her collection at Knowlton drawn up in October that year; By family descent until sold ("The Property of a Gentleman"), London, Christie's, 9 December 1994, lot 348, as Studio of Titian, where bought by Colnaghi; From whom acquired by Luigi Koelliker, London; New York, Sotheby's, 29 January 2009, lot 33; From Koelliker acquired by a collector in England; Purchased by the NMWA, 2012.

展覧会歴

2004
The Age of Titian: Venetian Renaissance Art from Scottish Collections, Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, 2004年8月5日-2004年12月5日, cat. no. 65, col. repr.
2007
Der späte Tizian und die Sinnlichkeit der Malerei, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien, 2007年10月18日-2008年1月6日, cat. no. 3.17, repr.
2014
非日常からの呼び声:平野啓一郎が選ぶ西洋美術の名品, 国立西洋美術館, 2014年4月8日-2014年6月15日, cat. no. 20

文献歴

1638
Probably Inventory of Pictures Belonging to Bartolomeo della Nave. no. 15, "A Judith Pal 4 & 3 with a woman with a vaile over her head and a more page with the head of olifernes of Titian it may be Herod's daughter…150".
1660
Possibly Colonel William Hawley's Inventory of 1660-1 of Goods Recoverd for the Crown, as either no. 37: "A herodias wth ye: St John Bapt: Head in a platter being an Italian peace," or more likeky no. 55: "A Harodias with a John Baptist head in A platter and her maide by her".
1666
Inventory of Charles II's Pictures etc., at Whitehall and Hampton Court. circa 1666-7, p. 43, no. 470, in store at Whitehall
1688
Inventory of James II's Pictures etc., at Whitehall, Windsor, Hampton Court and in the Custody of the Queen Dowager, Catherine Braganza, Somerset House. 1688, no. 358, at Whitehall
1697
Inventory of William III's Pictures etc., at Kensington, 1697 and 1700, in the Gallery
1705
Inventory of Queen Anne's Pictures at Kensington, Hampton Court, Windsor, St. James's and Somerset House. circa 1705-10, no. 97, in the Queen's Gallery at Windsor
1732
Inventory of George II, Pictures at Kensington. 1732 and 1736, p. 2, in the Great Drawing Room
1829
Hume, A. Notices of the Life and Works of Titian. London, 1829, pp. 76, 78.
1854
Probably Waagen, G. F. Treasures of Art in Great Britain. vol. II, Appendix, London, 1854, p. 480, no. 13, under 'Catalogue of the Capital Pictures in the Collection of Charles I, King of England'.
1877
Crowe, J. A.; Cavalcaselle, G. B. Titian: His Life and Times. vol. II, London, J. Murray, 1877, p. 141.
1885
Possibly Cosnac, J. Les richesses du Palais Mazarin. Paris, 1885, p. 416, no. 78, "Hérodes avec la teste de saint Jean, par Tissian".
1952
Waterhouse, E. K. Paintings from Venice for Seventeenth Century England: Some Records of a Forgotten Transaction. Italian Studies. vol. 7, 1952, p. 15.
1972
Millar, Oliver. The Inventories and Valuations of the King's Goods, 1649-1651. The Walpole Society. vol. 43, 1970-1972, p. 190, no. 78.
2004
AA. VV. Not for an Age, but for All Time. Edinburgh Evening News. 3 August 2004.
2004
Cornwell, T. Double Delight Unveiled at National Gallery as New Age of Titian Dawns. The Scotsman. 4 August 2004, p. 13.
2004
Miller, P. Scots Expert Unveils Titian's Lost Salome to the World: First Showing for Multi-million Pound Find. The Herald. 4 August 2004, p. 4.
2006
Tagliaferro, Giorgio. La bottega di Tiziano: Un percorso critico. Studi Tizianeschi. vol. 4, 2006, pp. 45, 47, fig. 23.
2007
Humfrey, Peter. Titian: The Complete Paintings. [Ghent], Ludion/ New York, 2007, p. 329, no. 256, col. repr.
2013
国立西洋美術館報. No. 46 (Apr. 2011-Mar. 2012), 2013, 渡辺晋輔. 新収作品. pp. 14-17, 新収作品一覧. p. 48, repr.
2013
国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 西洋美術振興財団, 2013, no. 17, col. repr.

Page top

Tiziano Vecellio, called Titian and workshop [Pieve di Cadore, ca. 1485/90 (?) - Venice, 1576]

Salome with the Head of John the Baptist

Datec. 1560-70
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)90 x 83.3
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.2011-0002
Salome with the Head of John the Baptist

This is a late work by Titian, master painter of the Italian Renaissance. Although parts of it were started by his workshop, the hand of Titian is evident in the subject's vividly colored costume and jewelry. The same is true of Salome's right arm and the neck of the maid, which X-ray examination has shown to be extensively over-painted. The work refers to an episode described in the New Testament in which Salome displays the head of John the Baptist, the reward she sought for dancing at a banquet for her father King Herod. (Source: Gallery label, July 2016)

Provenance

King Charles I of England (1600-1649), Hampton Court, by 1649; Intended for the Commonwealth sale 1649-51, but reserved for Oliver Cromwell and probably thereafter kept at Hampton Court or Whitehall; Recovered after the Restoration in 1660 for Charles II of England (1630-1685) and certainly at Whitehall by 1666; In the collection of William III, King of England, at Kensington Palace by 1697; In the Queen's Gallery at Windsor Castle by circa 1705-10; In the Great Drawing Room, Kensington Palace by 1732 and within the Royal collection until some time after 1736 (but not recorded in a 1785-90 inventory); Col. W. Pollok-Morris C.M.G., D.S.O. (1867–1936) of Craig, Kilmarnock, Scotland, by 1913 and recorded in an inventory of his belongings at Craig drawn up in July 1928; By descent to Mrs Ellison J. Dickson, Knowlton, Ayr, Scotland, by whom loaned to The National Trust, Culzean Castle, Ayrshire by 1965, and recorded in an inventory of her collection at Knowlton drawn up in October that year; By family descent until sold ("The Property of a Gentleman"), London, Christie's, 9 December 1994, lot 348, as Studio of Titian, where bought by Colnaghi; From whom acquired by Luigi Koelliker, London; New York, Sotheby's, 29 January 2009, lot 33; From Koelliker acquired by a collector in England, Purchased by the NMWA, 2012.

Exhibition History

2004
The Age of Titian: Venetian Renaissance Art from Scottish Collections, Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, 5 August 2004 - 5 December 2004, cat. no. 65, col. repr.
2007
Der späte Tizian und die Sinnlichkeit der Malerei, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Wien, 18 October 2007 - 6 January 2008, cat. no. 3.17, repr.
2014
Voices Calling from the Unusual: Hirano Keiichiro's Selection of Western Art Masterpieces, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 8 April 2014 - 15 June 2014, cat. no. 20

Bibliography

1638
Probably Inventory of Pictures Belonging to Bartolomeo della Nave. no. 15, "A Judith Pal 4 & 3 with a woman with a vaile over her head and a more page with the head of olifernes of Titian it may be Herod's daughter…150".
1660
Possibly Colonel William Hawley's Inventory of 1660-1 of Goods Recoverd for the Crown, as either no. 37: "A herodias wth ye: St John Bapt: Head in a platter being an Italian peace," or more likeky no. 55: "A Harodias with a John Baptist head in A platter and her maide by her".
1666
Inventory of Charles II's Pictures etc., at Whitehall and Hampton Court. circa 1666-7, p. 43, no. 470, in store at Whitehall
1688
Inventory of James II's Pictures etc., at Whitehall, Windsor, Hampton Court and in the Custody of the Queen Dowager, Catherine Braganza, Somerset House. 1688, no. 358, at Whitehall
1697
Inventory of William III's Pictures etc., at Kensington, 1697 and 1700, in the Gallery
1705
Inventory of Queen Anne's Pictures at Kensington, Hampton Court, Windsor, St. James's and Somerset House. circa 1705-10, no. 97, in the Queen's Gallery at Windsor
1732
Inventory of George II, Pictures at Kensington. 1732 and 1736, p. 2, in the Great Drawing Room
1829
Hume, A. Notices of the Life and Works of Titian. London, 1829, pp. 76, 78.
1854
Probably Waagen, G. F. Treasures of Art in Great Britain. vol. II, Appendix, London, 1854, p. 480, no. 13, under 'Catalogue of the Capital Pictures in the Collection of Charles I, King of England'.
1877
Crowe, J. A.; Cavalcaselle, G. B. Titian: His Life and Times. vol. II, London, J. Murray, 1877, p. 141.
1885
Possibly Cosnac, J. Les richesses du Palais Mazarin. Paris, 1885, p. 416, no. 78, "Hérodes avec la teste de saint Jean, par Tissian".
1952
Waterhouse, E. K. Paintings from Venice for Seventeenth Century England: Some Records of a Forgotten Transaction. Italian Studies. vol. 7, 1952, p. 15.
1972
Millar, Oliver. The Inventories and Valuations of the King's Goods, 1649-1651. The Walpole Society. vol. 43, 1970-1972, p. 190, no. 78.
2004
AA. VV. Not for an Age, but for All Time. Edinburgh Evening News. 3 August 2004.
2004
Cornwell, T. Double Delight Unveiled at National Gallery as New Age of Titian Dawns. The Scotsman. 4 August 2004, p. 13.
2004
Miller, P. Scots Expert Unveils Titian's Lost Salome to the World: First Showing for Multi-million Pound Find. The Herald. 4 August 2004, p. 4.
2006
Tagliaferro, Giorgio. La bottega di Tiziano: Un percorso critico. Studi Tizianeschi. vol. 4, 2006, pp. 45, 47, fig. 23.
2007
Humfrey, Peter. Titian: The Complete Paintings. [Ghent], Ludion/ New York, 2007, p. 329, no. 256, col. repr.
2013
Annual Bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 46 (Apr. 2011-Mar. 2012), 2013, Watanabe, Shinsuke. New Acquisitions. pp. 14-17, List of New Acquisitions. p. 48, repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 17, col. repr.

Page top