更新日 2016.05.26 | 26 May 2016

展示中 常設展Permanent Collection

カルロ・ドルチ [フィレンツェ, 1616年 - フィレンツェ, 1687年]

悲しみの聖母

制作年1655年頃
材質・技法・形状油彩、カンヴァス
寸法(cm)82.5 x 67
署名・年記カンヴァス裏面に書込み: REGINA MARTIRUM ORA PRO NOBIS
分類絵画
所蔵番号P.1998-0002
悲しみの聖母 Mater Dolorosa
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作品解説

本作品は1655年頃、カルロ・ドルチ39歳の時の佳品である。暗い背景に浮かぶ淡い光背に包まれ、深みのあるラピスラズリで描かれた、青のマントを身にまとった聖母マリアの美しくも悲痛な表情は、観者の心に深く訴えかけるものがある。カルロ・ドルチの詳細な伝記を最初に残したフィリッポ・バルディヌッチ(1625-1695)によれば、彼は子供の頃から敬虔な信仰の人で、生涯聖ベネディクトゥス信者会に属していたという。彼は1650年頃から大型の宗教画に加え、聖人の姿を寸法の比較的小さい様々な半身像として描くようになるが、中でも本作品は質の点においてきわめて優れた作品である。両手を合わせた聖母の構図はティツィアーノの聖母像にその原型を認めることができるが、むしろティツアーノの作品を原型として16-17世紀にスペインで人気を博した聖母像の形式をふまえたものと考えられる。ドルチのこうした聖母像はたいへんな人気を博し、現在本作品からの模写と考えられる作品が1点、さらに構図の若干異なる聖母像が模写も含め数多く知られている。長いこと本作品の聖母のモデルは1654年に結婚した妻テレーザ・ブケレッリと考えられているが、自筆デッサンの中にあるテレーザの肖像デッサンと比較した場合、その同一性に対する疑問も指摘されている。(出典: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 22)

来歴

Possibly the like-sized oval Madonna from the Colonna Collection, Palazzo Colonna, Rome; sold in London by W. Young Ottley, 24 January 1801, lot 12; Carlo Dorci Madonna Dolorata Oval-2 ft. 8 ins. high by 2 ft. 2 ins. wide; Duke of Buckingham and Chandos until 1848; Lord Dudley and Ward 1848-1892; Christie's London, 8 December 1892, lot 60, bt by Mr. Dunthorne; Purchased by the NMWA, 1999.

展覧会歴

1993
Trafalgar Galleries: XII, London, 1993年11月23日-1993年12月10日, no. 12
2000
西美をうたう:短歌と美術が出会うとき, 国立西洋美術館, 2000年7月25日-2000年10月29日, cat. no. 11
2008
バチカンの名宝とキリシタン文化, 長崎歴史文化博物館, 2008年11月1日-2009年1月12日, cat. no. 224, col. repr.

文献歴

1848
Forster, Herny R. The Stowe Catalogue. London, 1848, lot 404.
1854
Waagen, G. Treasures of Art in Great Britain. vol. 2, London, 1854, p. 232.
1918
Graves, A. Art Sales. London, 1918, p. 230.
1988
The Provenance Index of the Getty Art History Information Program. Index of Paintings Sold in the British Isles. vol. 1, 1801-5, 1988, p. 237.
1995
Baldassari, F. Carlo Dorci. Turin, 1995, no. 99.
2000
国立西洋美術館年報. No. 33 (April 1998-March 1999), 2000, 越川倫明. 新収作品. pp. 12-14, 新収作品一覧. p. 44, col. repr.
2013
国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 西洋美術振興財団, 2013, no. 37, col. repr.

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Carlo Dolci [Florence, 1616 - Florence, 1687]

Mater Dolorosa

Dateca. 1655
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas
Size (cm)82.5 x 67
InscriptionsInscribed on the reverse: REGINA MARTIRUM ORA PRO NOBIS
Credit LinePurchased
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1998-0002
Mater Dolorosa

This elegant work was created around 1655 when Carlo Dolci was 39 years old. The dark background yields to a faint light surrounding a beautifully sad image of the Madonna, wrapped in a blue robe created in deep lapis lazuli pigment. These factors all conspire to deeply appeal to the viewer. According to F. Bardinucci, the first to write a detailed biography of Dolci, from an early age Dolci was deeply faithful and was a lifelong member of the Order of St. Benedict. In addition to his large-scale religious works, around 1650 he began to paint relatively small-scale works depicting various half-length portraits of saints. This work is an extremely fine example of this type. The model for this image of the Madonna with folded hands can be found in the Madonna images of Titian, and the source for Titian's images may be found in the images of the Madonna that were extremely popular in Spain during the 16th-17th centuries. Dolci's paintings of the Madonna in this style became quite popular; there is one known extant copy of this work and other images of the Madonna with slightly different compositions are known. For many years the model for this painting was thought to be the painter's wife Teresa Bucherelli, whom he married in 1654, but comparisons with known portrait drawings of his wife reveal some questions about this attribution of the sitter. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 22)

Provenance

Possibly the like-sized oval Madonna from the Colonna Collection, Palazzo Colonna, Rome; sold in London by W. Young Ottley, 24 January 1801, lot 12; Carlo Dorci Madonna Dolorata Oval-2 ft. 8 ins. high by 2 ft. 2 ins. wide; Duke of Buckingham and Chandos until 1848; Lord Dudley and Ward 1848-1892; Christie's London, 8 December 1892, lot 60, bt by Mr. Dunthorne; Purchased by the NMWA, 1999.

Exhibition History

1993
Trafalgar Galleries: XII, London, 23 November 1993 - 10 December 1993, no. 12
2000
Tanka at the National Museum of Western Art: An Encounter between Poet and Art, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 25 July 2000 - 29 October 2000, cat. no. 11
2008
Masterpieces from the Vatican Museums and Christian Culture in Japan, Nagasaki Museum of History and Culture, 1 November 2008 - 12 January 2009, cat. no. 224, col. repr.

Bibliography

1848
Forster, Herny R. The Stowe Catalogue. London, 1848, lot 404.
1854
Waagen, G. Treasures of Art in Great Britain. vol. 2, London, 1854, p. 232.
1918
Graves, A. Art Sales. London, 1918, p. 230.
1988
The Provenance Index of the Getty Art History Information Program. Index of Paintings Sold in the British Isles. vol. 1, 1801-5, 1988, p. 237.
1995
Baldassari, F. Carlo Dorci. Turin, 1995, no. 99.
2000
Annual Bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 33 (April 1998-March 1999), 2000, Koshikawa, Michiaki. New Acquisitions. pp. 12-14, List of New Acquisitions. p. 44, col. repr.pp. 12-14, repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 37, col. repr.

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