更新日 2019.12.11 | 11 December 2019

展示中 常設展Permanent collection

ジョヴァンニ・バッティスタ・ティエポロ[ヴェネツィア, 1696年 - マドリード, 1770年]

ヴィーナスによって天上に導かれるヴェットール・ピサーニ提督

制作年1743年頃
材質・技法・形状油彩、カンヴァス(楕円形)
寸法(cm)41 x 72
Standard ref.Morassi p. 40; Pallucchini 143a
分類絵画
所蔵番号P.1988-0001
ヴィーナスによって天上に導かれるヴェットール・ピサーニ提督 The Apotheosis of Admiral Vettor Pisani
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作品解説

本作品はヴェネツィアの有力な貴族ピサーニ家の邸館、パラッツォ・ピサーニ・モレッタ(現在のパラッツオ・ジュスティ・デル・ジャルディーノ)に描かれた天井画(1743年制作)のための油彩雛形である。 構図は中央左寄りの二輪車に乗る兜をかぶった人物とヴィーナスのグループを中心に展開され、ヴィーナスはこの男性を右上に現われるユピテルとマルスに紹介する仕草を示す。上方にはプットーが冠を手にして飛来し、下部には左に海神ネプトゥーヌス、右に河神の像が横たわる。澄んだ空色と黄金を帯びた雲の色調、軽やかに浮揚する人物を巧みに捉える短縮法、下部の横臥像に見られる逆光の効果などは、ティエポロの天井装飾の特質を端的に要約している。鷲の翼や兜の人物の衣装に典型的に見られるペン素描を思わせる軽快な筆のタッチは、ティエポロの小画面作がもつ最も著しい魅力の一つに数えられよう。 本作品の主題は伝統的に「マルスとヴィーナス」とされてきたが、近年マイケル・レヴィによって主題に関する新しい指摘がなされている。上述のようにユピテルの右手に坐る楯を持った人物は明らかにマルスであり、従ってヴィーナスの隣にいる人物はマルス神ではあり得ない。むしろ作品全体の主題は、死すべき人間が生前の功によって天上に迎えられるという、いわゆる「アポテオシス(神格化)」の場面と解される。レヴィはこの武人の像を、14世紀ヴェネツィアの海戦の英雄ヴェットール・ピサーニ提督であるとした。天井画を注文した人物は、ピサーニ家の富裕な寡婦キアーラ・ピサーニで、ヴェットールという名は彼女の義理の父、そして二人の息子の名でもあった。自邸の装飾を計画するにあたって、同時代の近親者と同名の先祖を神格化するという選択は、現在のところ本作品の主題に関して最も説得力のある説だと言える。(出典: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 48 )

来歴

Flameng Coll., Paris; Auc. Flameng, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 26-27 May 1919, no. 37; Private Coll., Paris; Auc., Sotheby's, Monte-Carlo, 26 June 1983, no. 431; Thomas Agnew and Sons Ltd., London; Purchased by the NMWA, 1989.

展覧会歴

1912
Les Peintres Venitiens, Galerie Brunner, Paris, 1912年-1912年
1985
Venetian Eighteenth-century Paintings, Thos. Agnew & Sons Ltd., London, 1985年6月5日-1985年7月19日, cat. no. 25, repr.
1987
The Settecento: Italian Rococo and Early Neo-classical Paintings 1700-1800, Matthiesen Fine Art, London, 1987年-1987年, cat. no. 13, repr.
1997
国立西洋美術館展─愛と生命の響き: ルネサンスから近代への西洋美術の流れ, 新潟県立近代美術館, 1997年4月12日-1997年5月18日, cat. no. 7
2007
[国立美術館巡回展] 国立西洋美術館所蔵 ヨーロッパ美術の精華―神々と自然のかたち―, 姫路市立美術館, 2007年11月4日-2007年12月2日, cat. no. 5
2007
[国立美術館巡回展] 国立西洋美術館所蔵 ヨーロッパ美術の精華―神々と自然のかたち―, 松本市美術館, 2007年12月11日-2008年2月3日, cat. no. 5

文献歴

1909
Molmenti, Pompeo. G. B. Tiepolo: La sua vita e le sue opere. Milano, 1909, p. 258, repr., p. 254.
1918
Les Arts. no. 167, p. 16.
1962
Morassi, Antonio. A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings by G. B. Tiepolo: Including Pictures by His Pupils and Followers Wrongly Attributed to Him. London, 1962, p. 40, fig. 258.
1968
Pallucchini, Anna. L'opera completa di Giambattista Tiepolo. Milano, Rizzoli, 1968 (Classici dell'arte, vol. 25), p. 106, no. 143a, repr.
1970
Puppi, Lionello. Una lettera sconosciuta di Giambattista Tiepolo. Atti del congresso internazionale di studi sul Tiepolo. Venezia, 1970, pp. 131-133 (on the dating of the finished fresco ceiling).
1984
Levey, Michael. "Ileana Chiappini di Sorio, Palazzo Pisani Moretta" (book review). Burlington Magazine. vol. 126, no. 977, August 1984 , p. 509 (on the subject matter of the finished fresco ceiling).
1986
Levey, Michael. Giambattista Tiepolo: His Life and Art. New Haven/London. 1986, p. 118.
1989
国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 1989, no. 35, repr.
1990
国立西洋美術館新収蔵絵画目録: 昭和54年-平成元年. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 1990, pp. 71-72, repr.
1992
国立西洋美術館年報. Nos. 23-24 (1988-89), 1992, 越川倫明. 新収作品解説. pp. 13-17, 新収作品目録. pp. 40-41, repr.
2006
国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館; 東京, 西洋美術振興財団, 2006, no. 48, col. repr.
2009
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2009, no. 48, col. repr.
2013
国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 西洋美術振興財団, 2013, no. 60, col. repr.

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Giovanni Battista Tiepolo [Venice, 1696 - Madrid, 1770]

The Apotheosis of Admiral Vettor Pisani

Datec. 1743
Materials/Techniquesoil on canvas (oval)
Size (cm)41 x 72
Credit LinePurchased
Standard ref.Morassi p. 40; Pallucchini 143a
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1988-0001
The Apotheosis of Admiral Vettor Pisani
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This painting is an oil model for the ceiling painting (1743) for the Palazzo Pisani Moretta (now the Palazzo Giusti Giardino), palace of the powerful aristocratic family of Venice, the Pisani. The composition develops from the central group of Venus and a helmeted figure riding in the two wheeled chariot, representing Venus introducing this man to Jupiter and Mars who are seen above and to the right of Venus. A putto flies in from the top holding a crown, and Neptune the sea god and a river god are placed in the lower left and the lower right of the image. The color harmony of the clear sky and gold edged clouds, the light, floating figures with their skillful sense of foreshortening, and the backlit effects on the reclining figures in the lower section all speak of Tiepolo's superb ceiling decorations. The nimble brushwork seen in the eagle wings and clothing of the helmeted figure is typical of Tiepolo's work and is one of the most appealing aspects of Tiepolo's small format works. This work has traditionally been called Mars and Venus, but in recent years M. Levey has proposed a new theory for the subject. The figure seated on the right of Jupiter holding a shield is clearly Mars, and hence the man seated next to Venus cannot be Mars. The whole image can be seen as representing an apotheosis, in which a person who has excelled during life is carried directly to Heaven upon his death. Levey has suggested that this soldier is the hero of the 14th century Venetian navy, Admiral Vettor Pisani. The commissioner of the ceiling painting, the wealthy Pisani widow Chiara Pisani, had a father-in-law named Vettor and two sons who also shared that name. The most appropriate interpretation of this work seems to be that she chose to honor the past hero by this name in the decoration of the family palace. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no.48)

Provenance

Flameng Coll., Paris; Auc. Flameng, Galerie Georges Petit, Paris, 26-27 May 1919, no. 37; Private Coll., Paris; Auc., Sotheby's, Monte-Carlo, 26 June 1983, no. 431; Thomas Agnew and Sons Ltd., London; Purchased by the NMWA, 1989.

Exhibition History

1912
Les Peintres Venitiens, Galerie Brunner, Paris, 1912 - 1912
1985
Venetian Eighteenth-century Paintings, Thos. Agnew & Sons Ltd., London, 5 June 1985 - 19 July 1985, cat. no. 25, repr.
1987
The Settecento: Italian Rococo and Early Neo-classical Paintings 1700-1800, Matthiesen Fine Art, London, 1987 - 1987, cat. no. 13, repr.
1997
Resonating Love and Life: European Art from National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, The Niigata Prefectural Museum of Modern Art, Nagaoka, 12 April 1997 - 18 May 1997, cat. no. 7
2007
Gods and Nature: The Essence of European Art from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Himeji City Museum of Art, 4 November 2007 - 2 December 2007, cat. no. 5
2007
Gods and Nature: The Essence of European Art from the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, Matsumoto City Museum of Art, 11 December 2007 - 3 February 2008, cat. no. 5

Bibliography

1909
Molmenti, Pompeo. G. B. Tiepolo: La sua vita e le sue opere. Milano, 1909, p. 258, repr., p. 254.
1918
Les Arts. no. 167, p. 16.
1962
Morassi, Antonio. A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings by G. B. Tiepolo : Including Pictures by His Pupils and Followers Wrongly Attributed to Him. London, 1962, p. 40, fig. 258.
1968
Pallucchini, Anna. L'opera completa di Giambattista Tiepolo. Milano, Rizzoli, 1968 (Classici dell'arte, vol. 25), p. 106, no. 143a, repr.
1970
Puppi, Lionello. Una lettera sconosciuta di Giambattista Tiepolo. Atti del congresso internazionale di studi sul Tiepolo. Venezia, 1970, pp. 131-133 (on the dating of the finished fresco ceiling).
1984
Levey, Michael. "Ileana Chiappini di Sorio, Palazzo Pisani Moretta" (book review). Burlington Magazine. vol. 126, no. 977, August 1984 , p. 509 (on the subject matter of the finished fresco ceiling).
1986
Levey, Michael. Giambattista Tiepolo: His Life and Art. New Haven/London. 1986, p. 118.
1989
Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1989 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 35, repr.
1990
Catalogue of painting acquisitions: 1979-1989. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1990, pp. 71-72, repr.
1992
Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. Nos. 23-24 (1988-89), 1992, Koshikawa, Michiaki. New Acquisitions 1988-89. pp. 13-17, Catalogue of the New Acquisitions 1988-89. pp. 40-41, repr.
2006
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2006 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 48, col. repr.
2009
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2009, no. 48, col. repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 60, col. repr.

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