更新日 2019.12.11 | 11 December 2019

展示中 常設展Permanent collection

カルロ・クリヴェッリ[ヴェネツィア, 1430/35年 - アスコリ?, 1494年以降]

聖アウグスティヌス

制作年1487/88年頃(?)
材質・技法・形状テンペラ、板
寸法(cm)140.7 x 39.5
所蔵経緯旧松方コレクション
Standard ref.Zampetti 120; M344
分類絵画
所蔵番号P.1962-0005
聖アウグスティヌス St. Augustine

作品解説

長い髭を生やし司教冠を被ったこの全身像の聖人は、手に3冊の書物をもつことから、ラテン教父のひとり聖アウグスティヌスと考えられる。疑いもなく、本来は多翼祭壇画の一部をなしていたパネルであろう。この祭壇画の再構成の試みは、 1961年フェデリーコ・ゼーリによってなされており、本作品と様式上、サイズ上関連し、また背景の文様の共通する3点のパネルの存在が指摘されている(マドリード、ティッセン・コレクションの《聖ラウレンティウス》;デン・ハーグ、国有文化財局の《聖アンブロシウス》;オックスフォード、アシュモリアン美術館の《洗礼者ヨハネ》)。ゼーリはこれら4点の作品を、クリヴェッリが1487年に制作の前金を受け取ったという記録の残る、カステル・サン・ピエトロのサン・ロレンツォ聖堂の祭壇画の一部であるとしているが、確実な根拠はない。本作品の人物タイプはクリヴェッリが晩年に描いた多くの司教聖人のそれに一致し(たとえばローマ、コロンナ家所蔵の《聖アウグスティヌス》)、また描線がやや鈍いことは弟子の手の介入を想定させる。 本作品はロンドンのバトラー・コレクションから松方幸次郎氏の手に渡り、戦前に国内にもたらされ、カルロの弟ヴィットーレ・クリヴェッリの作として1930年の第3回松方コレクション展に出品されている。その後国内の所蔵家の手を経て、1962年国立西洋美術館が購入した。(出典: 国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2006. cat. no. 13)

来歴

Charles Butler, London; Sale, Christie's, Mason & Woods, 25-26 May 1911 (£110.5); Dowdeswell Galleries, London; Kojiro Matsukata, Kobe; The 3rd Matsukata Sale, Tokyo, 17 May-4 July 1930, lot 24. repr.; Private Collection, Tokyo; Horai-Shokusan & Co., Tokyo; Purchased by the NMWA, 1963.

展覧会歴

1930
第3回松方氏蒐集絵画展覧会, 東京府美術館, 1930年5月17日-1930年6月4日, cat. no. 24, repr. (attributed to Vittorio Crivelli)
1960
松方コレクション名作選抜展, 国立西洋美術館, 1960年5月14日-1960年7月10日, cat. no. 26, repr.
1999
エルミタージュ美術館所蔵イタリア・ルネサンス美術展─フィレンツェとヴェネツィア: 開館40周年記念特別展, 国立西洋美術館, 1999年3月20日-1999年6月20日, cat. no. 13
2019
松方コレクション展:国立西洋美術館開館60周年記念, 国立西洋美術館, 2019年6月11日-2019年9月23日, cat. no. 10, col. repr.

文献歴

1957
Berenson, Bernard. Italian pictures of the Renaissance, Venetian school. vol. 1, London, 1957, p. 69.
1958
Berenson, Bernard. Pitture italiane del Rinascimento, elenco dei principali artisti e delle loro opere con un indice dei luoghi: la Scuola veneta. I, Firenze, 1958, p. 72.
1961
Zampetti, Pietro. Carlo Crivelli. Milano, Aldo Martello, 1961, p. 93, fig. 120.
1961
Zeri, Federico. Cinque schede per Carlo Crivelli. Arte Antica e Moderna. vol. 13, 1961, pp. 158-176, pl. 65b (attributed to Carlo Crivelli and his workshop, as a wing of the polyptych for the church of San Lorenzo in Castello).
1961
Zampetti, P. Crivelli e Crivelleschi (Catalogo della Mostra di Venezia). 1961, p. XXI, p. 101.
1961
国立西洋美術館総目録. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 1961, D-12.
1967
国立西洋美術館年報. No. 1, 1967 , 新収作品目録. pp. 4-5, no. P-322. repr.
1967
佐々木英也. クリヴェルリ作《ある僧正の像》. 国立西洋美術館年報. No. 1, 1967, pp. 62-64, repr.
1971
国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 1971, no. 20, repr.
1975
Bovero, Anna. L'opera completa del Crivelli. Milano, 1975, p. 97, no. 136, repr.
1979
国立西洋美術館総目録: 絵画篇. 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 1979, no. 77, repr.
1990
神戸市立博物館編. 松方コレクション西洋美術総目録. 神戸, 「松方コレクション展」実行委員会, 1990, cat. no. 500.
2006
国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 国立西洋美術館; 東京, 西洋美術振興財団, 2006, no. 13, col. repr.
2009
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2009, no. 13, col. repr.
2013
国立西洋美術館名作選. 東京, 西洋美術振興財団, 2013, no. 13, col. repr.
2018
松方コレクション:西洋美術全作品. 川口雅子; 陳岡めぐみ編. 第1巻 絵画, 東京, 国立西洋美術館, 2018, cat. no. 344, col. repr.

Page top

Carlo Crivelli [Venice, 1430/35 - Ascoli?, after 1494]

St. Augustine

Datec. 1487/88 (?)
Materials/Techniquestempera on panel
Size (cm)140.7 x 39.5
Credit LineEx-Matsukata Collection
Standard ref.Zampetti 120; M344
CategoryPaintings
Collection NumberP.1962-0005
St. Augustine

This full-length image of a priest wearing a long beard and bishop's crown shows the figure holding three books and is thought to be St. Augustine, one of the Latin church patriarchs. Without question, this painting was originally part of a polyptych altarpiece. In 1961 Federico Zeri attempted a reconstruction of the original altarpiece and indicated that there are three other panels extant of the same size, format and background that are thought to be part of the same altarpiece (St. Lawrence, Thyssen collection, Madrid; St. Ambrose, the Office for National Art Property, The Hague, and St. John the Baptist, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford). While there is no specific evidence to support his claim, Zeri believes that these four works were part of the altarpiece for S. Lorenzo of Castel San Pietro, described in records in which Crivelli is said to have received the deposit for the work in 1487. The figural type seen here corresponds to those of many of the sainted bishops he depicted (such as St. Augustine, Colonna Gallery, Rome), and it is possible that the dullness of the depicted line could speak of the intervention of his disciples. This work passed from the Butler collection of London to the hands of Matsukata Kojiro, and was brought to Japan prior to World War II. The painting was displayed in the 3rd Matsukata Collection exhibition held in 1930 as the work of Vittore Crivelli, Carlo's younger brother. The painting then passed into private hands in Japan and was purchased by the NMWA in 1962. (Source: Masterpieces of the National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2009, cat. no. 13)

Provenance

Charles Butler, London; Sale, Christie's, Mason & Woods, 25-26 May 1911 (£110.5); Dowdeswell Galleries, London; Kojiro Matsukata, Kobe; The 3rd Matsukata Sale, Tokyo, 17 May-4 July 1930, lot 24. repr.; Private Collection, Tokyo; Horai-Shokusan & Co., Tokyo; Purchased by the NMWA, 1963.

Exhibition History

1930
The 3rd Exhibition of the Matsukata Coll., Tokyo, 17 May 1930 - 4 June 1930, cat. no. 24, repr. (attributed to Vittorio Crivelli)
1960
The Masterpieces of the Ex-Matsukata Collection, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 14 May 1960 - 10 July 1960, cat. no. 26, repr.
1999
Florence and Venice: Italian Renaissance Paintings and Sculpture from the State Hermitage Museum, National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 20 March 1999 - 20 June 1999, cat. no. 13
2019
The Matsukata Collection: A One-Hundred-Year Odyssey: Upon the 60th Anniversary of the NMWA, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 11 June 2019 - 23 September 2019, cat. no. 10, col. repr.

Bibliography

1957
Berenson, Bernard. Italian pictures of the Renaissance, Venetian school. vol. 1, London, 1957, p. 69.
1958
Berenson, Bernard. Pitture italiane del Rinascimento, elenco dei principali artisti e delle loro opere con un indice dei luoghi: la Scuola veneta. I, Firenze, 1958, p. 72.
1961
Zampetti, Pietro. Carlo Crivelli. Milano, Aldo Martello, 1961, p. 93, fig. 120.
1961
Zeri, Federico. Cinque schede per Carlo Crivelli. Arte Antica e Moderna. vol. 13, 1961, pp. 158-176, pl. 65b (attributed to Carlo Crivelli and his workshop, as a wing of the polyptych for the church of San Lorenzo in Castello).
1961
Zampetti, P. Crivelli e Crivelleschi (Catalogo della Mostra di Venezia). 1961, p. XXI, p. 101.
1961
Catalogue du Musée National d'Art Occidental, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1961 (Préface and Catalogue Général in Japanese and French), D-12.
1967
Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 1, 1967, Catalogue of the New Acquisitions. pp. 4-5, no. P-322. repr.
1967
Sasaki, Hideya. Crivelli saku 《St. Augustine》. Annual bulletin of the National Museum of Western Art. No. 1, 1967, pp. 62-64, repr. (in Japanese).
1971
Les cent chefs-d'oeuvre du Musée National d'Art Occidental. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1971 (Japanese), no. 20, repr.
1975
Bovero, Anna. L'opera completa del Crivelli. Milano, 1975, p. 97, no. 136, repr.
1979
The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo: Catalogue of paintings. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, 1979, no. 77, repr.
1990
The Old Matsukata Collection. Kobe City Museum, ed. Kobe, "Matsukata Korekushon Ten" Jikkoiinkai, 1990, cat. no. 500.
2006
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2006 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 13, col. repr.
2009
Masterpieces of The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art; Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2009, no. 13, col. repr.
2013
Masterpieces: The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo. Tokyo, The Western Art Foundation, 2013 (Japanese, preface in Japanese and English), no. 13, col. repr.
2018
The Matsukata Collection: Complete Catalogue of the European Art. Kawaguchi, Masako; Jingaoka, Megumi, eds. vol. 1: Paintings, Tokyo, The National Museum of Western Art, Tokyo, 2018, cat. no. 344, col. repr.

Page top